Trends in activity of small businesses that meet the criteria for mandatory audit of financial statements

trends 19/02/2021

Information agency Credinform has prepared a review of trends in activity of companies that meet the criteria for mandatory audit of financial statements.

The largest companies (ТОP-500) that meet the updated criteria for mandatory audit of financial statements in terms of annual revenue were selected according to the data from the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service for the latest available periods (2014 - 2019). The company selection and analysis were based on data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.

Net assets is a ratio reflecting the real value of company's property. It is calculated annually as the difference between assets on the enterprise balance and its debt obligations. The ratio is considered negative (insufficiency of property), if company’s debt exceeds the value of its property.

The largest company in terms of net assets is JSC INDUSTRIAL RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OIL FUND, INN 7702028070, Moscow. In 2019 net assets of the company amounted to 26 billion RUB.

The smallest size of net assets in TOP-500 had LLC STIMUL-T, INN 7017007293, Tomsk region. The lack of property of the company in 2019 was expressed in negative terms -7 billion RUB.

For the last six years, the average industry values of net assets showed the growing tendency with negative dynamics of growth rates (Picture 1).

Picture 1. Change in average net assets value in 2014 – 2019 Picture 1. Change in average net assets value in 2014 – 2019

For the last six years, the share of ТОP-500 enterprises with lack of property is decreasing (Picture 2).

Picture 2. The share of enterprises with negative net assets value in ТОP-500 in 2014-2019 Picture 2. The share of enterprises with negative net assets value in ТОP-500 in 2014-2019

Sales revenue
In 2019, the total revenue of 10 largest companies amounted to 11% from ТОP-500 total revenue (Picture 3). This fact testifies the high level of capital concentration within this group of enterprises.

Picture 3. Shares of TOP-10 in TOP-500 total revenue for 2019 Picture 3. Shares of TOP-10 in TOP-500 total revenue for 2019

n general, the growing trend in sales revenue with negative dynamics of growth rates is observed (Picture 4).

Picture 4. Change in average revenue in 2014 – 2019 Picture 4. Change in average revenue in 2014 – 2019

Profit and loss
The largest company in terms of net profit is also JSC INDUSTRIAL RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OIL FUND, INN 7702028070, Moscow. In 2019 the company’s profit amounted to 4 billion RUB.

For the last six years, the average profit values show the growing tendency with negative dynamics of growth rates (Picture 5).

Picture 5. Change in average profit (loss) in 2014 – 2019 Picture 5. Change in average profit (loss) in 2014 – 2019

Over a six-year period, the average net profit values of ТОP-500 show the growing tendency, along with this the average net loss is decreasing (Picture 6).

Picture 6. Change in average net profit/loss of ТОP-500 companies in 2014 – 2019 Picture 6. Change in average net profit/loss of ТОP-500 companies in 2014 – 2019

Main financial ratios
For the last six years, the average values of the current liquidity ratio were higher than the recommended values - from 1,0 to 2,0, with growing trend (Picture 7).

The current liquidity ratio (ratio of total working capital to short-term liabilities) shows the sufficiency of company’s assets to meet short-term obligations.

Picture 7. Change in average values of current liquidity ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 7. Change in average values of current liquidity ratio in 2014 – 2019

Within six years, the downward trend of the average values of ROI ratio is observed (Picture 8).

The ROI ratio is calculated as a ratio of net profit to sum of stockholder equity and long-term liabilities and shows the return from equity involved in commercial activities and long-term borrowed funds.

Picture 8. Change in average values of ROI ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 8. Change in average values of ROI ratio in 2014 – 2019

Assets turnover ratio is the ratio of sales revenue and company’s average total assets for a period. It characterizes the effectiveness of using of all available resources, regardless the source of their attraction. The ratio shows how many times per year the full cycle of production and circulation is performed, generating the corresponding effect in the form of profit.

For the last six years, this business activity ratio demonstrated the decreasing trend (Picture 9).

Picture 9. Change in average values of assets turnover ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 9. Change in average values of assets turnover ratio in 2014 – 2019

Main regions of activity
ТОP-500 companies are unequally located across the country and registered in 66 regions of Russia. More than 47% of the largest enterprises in terms of revenue are located in Moscow, Moscow region and Saint Petersburg Picture 10).

Picture 10. Distribution of TOP-500 revenue by the regions of Russia Picture 10. Distribution of TOP-500 revenue by the regions of Russia

Financial position score
An assessment of the financial position of TOP-500 companies shows that almost the half has above average financial position (Picture 11).

Picture 11. Distribution of TOP-500 companies by financial position score Picture 11. Distribution of TOP-500 companies by financial position score

Solvency index Globas
Most of TOP-500 companies got superior/high and strong/medium Solvency index Globas, this fact shows the ability of the companies to meet their obligations in time and fully (Picture 12).

Picture 12. Distribution of TOP-500 companies by Solvency index Globas Picture 12. Distribution of TOP-500 companies by Solvency index Globas

Conclusion
A complex assessment of small businesses that meet the criteria for mandatory audit of financial statements, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the presence of positive trends within 2014-2019 (Table 1).

Table 1. Favorable and unfavorable trends, assessment factors
Trends and assessment factors Relative share, %
Dynamics of average net assets value up10
Growth/drawdown rate of average net assets value down-10
Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative net assets up10
The level of capital concentration up10
Dynamics of average net profit up10
Growth/drawdown rate of average revenue down-10
Dynamics of average profit (loss) up10
Growth/drawdown rate of average profit (loss) down-10
Increase / decrease in average net profit of companies up10
Increase / decrease in average net loss of companies up10
Increase / decrease in average values of current liquidity ratio up5
Increase / decrease in average values of ROI ratio down-10
Increase / decrease in average values of assets turnover ratio, times down-10
Regional concentration down-10
Financial position (the largest share) up10
Solvency index Globas (the largest share) up10
Average value of factors up2,2

вверх favorable trend (factor), вниз unfavorable trend (factor)