The largest manufacturers of urban transport in Russia
Public service vehicles are strategically important for the urban infrastructure and plays an important role in people’s life. Total passenger flow in buses and trolleybuses have been reaching 11 billion people and more annually for ten years. In early 2019, the length of all-purpose roads in Russia exceeded 1,5 million kilometers, and the length of trolley lines in use were 5 thousand kilometers.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service for early 2019, there are about 116 thousand buses and 9 thousand trolleybuses in Russia. The share of foreign buses and trolleybuses and the country’s ability to manufacture own public service vehicles are the points of interest of many people. The Information Agency Credinform represents a ranking of the largest manufacturers of public service vehicles in Russia. Using the Information and Analytical system Globas, the experts of the Agency have selected enterprises engaged in buses (excluding public minibus taxis) and trolleybuses manufacturing by 2019 revenue, and analyzed the results..
|No||Name||Revenue for 2019, billion RUB||Line of production|
|1||Pavlovsky Bus Plant (PAZ)
Nizhniy Novgorod region
|2||Likinsky Bus Plant (LIAZ)
|Bakulin Motors Group
|4||Kurgan Bus Plant
|1,6||Trolleybuses, electric buses|
|No data||Trolleybuses, electric buses|
The Top leaders are Pavlovsky (19,2 billion RUB) and Likinsky (17,4billion RUB) bus plants. Aggregate revenue of these enterprises exceeds 36 billion RUB and forms 75% of the market. 9 457 buses were manufactured in 2019.
The 5th and 6th in the ranking are manufacturers of trolleybuses and electric buses. The company Trans-Alfa (1,6 billion RUB) has the largest increase in 2019 revenue (+228,9% to the previous period). Electric buses in use made the enterprise’s turnover successfully increase.
Trolza was unable to recover after sever challenges. Interdistrict inspection of the Federal Tax Service in Saratov region filed to the Arbitration court an application for bankruptcy of the enterprise. The case is under consideration at the first instance.
|Rank||Country||Volume, units||Share, %||Cost, million USD|
|2||Republic of Belarus||555||15,8||10,8|
|Total for TOP-5||2325||66,3||48,6|
|2||Republic of Belarus||867||30,8||63,1|
|Total for TOP-5||2602||92,4||201,1|
Source: the Federal Tax Service, calculations by Credinform.
There are only 10% of foreign-manufactured vehicles among the Russian aboveground public transport (excluding public minibus taxis). In 2019, export of domestic-manufactures buses exceeded import. The main strategic partners of Russia are Kazakhstan (export share of 18,1%) and the Republic of Belarus (export share of 15,8%; import share of 30,8%). The share of import from the number of manufactured buses was only 20% in 2019.
The results of the ranking show that domestic-manufactured vehicles prevail in Russia, and passenger transportation is provided mainly by own facilities.
However, the situation is not that good. Age is a serious problem for the Russian service vehicles park. According to the Ministry of Transport of Russia, the average age of buses and trolleybuses is over 15 years. In some regions, passengers are transported by the Soviet-style buses that have been in use for more than 30 years.