Small business will become the foundation of the Russian economy
Small business will account for over 30% of the turnover of all Russian companies in a few years. This forecast was followed by an analysis of the financial accounts of all Russian companies for 2016.
Since the beginning of market reforms in Russia, the economists speaks about the important role of small business in the balanced development of the domestic economy and exemplify the countries of the West where the contribution of small companies in the GDP generation reaches 50% or more. After all, in Europe the tradition of small business has been continuously existed for more than one hundred years, whereas the history of domestic private enterprises is much more complicated.
Today in Russia, measures are being taken at the legislative level to support entrepreneurial activity and expand private initiative: exemption from inspections, tax holidays for newly established companies, simplified reporting forms, access to participation in state procurement. However, there are problems connected primarily with a high level of fiscal burden and excessive administrative regulation, which hinders the development of small business and affects the structure of the Russian business.
The structure of the Russian economy is well illustrated by the financial accounts for the full circle of companies for the last reporting year 2016, which is available in the Information and Analytical system Globas since September. Large business enterprises still play the leading role and accumulate almost 70% of the total revenue from sales of goods, products, services. The share of medium-sized companies accounts for 4,4% of annual turnover. The share of small business is 25,7% of revenues, 16,8% of which accounts for microenterprises and 8.9% for small organizations (see Picture 1).
Criteria for being qualified as micro, small and medium-sized business are determined by decisions of the Government of Russia. Nowadays, an organization with annual income of up to 120 mln RUB and the number of employees not exceeding 15 people is declared as a micro-, up to 800 mln RUB and 100 employees as small, up to 2 billion rubles and 250 employees as medium-sized enterprise. Other structures belong to large business.
Picture 2 shows the dynamics of change in the share of various categories in generation of total revenues from sales of goods, products, services from 2008, when the contribution of small business reached 35%. After the crisis of 2009, large corporations had increased their share until 2011. Since 2012, the share of large business has been gradually declining due to the resumed growth of micro and small enterprises. If the current trends continue, small businesses can give over 30% of turnover of all Russian companies in a few years.
The development of small forms of entrepreneurship meets the needs of all spheres of the Russian economy and trends of world economic processes. Being a purely market structure, small business is able to provide freedom of entrepreneurial choice and stimulate the effective organization of production. Small business is one of the most flexible sectors of the economy, in which innovative approach and relatively high growth rates are combined with relatively low expenditures for establishment of an enterprise.