New data in The Tax Service to check counterparties
On August 1, 2019, the Federal Tax Service of Russia (FTS) disclosed information on average number of employees, applying special tax regimes by companies, and inclusion in consolidated group of taxpayers for 2018.
1 or 0 employee is the average number of stuff in 56% of companies in Russia.
Data on the average number of employees for 2018 is disclosed for 2,4 million legal entities (out of 4,1 million legal entities on December 2018). Detailed data structure is presented on Picture 1.
The companies are obliged to submit data of the average number of stuff to the FTS, even if there are no regular employees.
One of the reasons there are companies with small and zero number of employees is that part-timers and contractors are not included in the number of stuff. The other reason is tax optimization. The labor compensation fund is obliged to pay social due that is why the employers do not take on stuff.
Excluding statistical companies, major taxpayers and enterprises of defense industry, data on which will be disclosed on 2020, the largest Russian company in term of the number of stuff in 2018 is JSC Svyaznoy Logistics with 16 276 employees. The company is dissolved due to the reorganization in the form of acquisition by LLC Svyaznoy Chain (see Table 1).
Table 1. Top-10 of the Russian companies by the average number of employees
|Rank||Company||Average number of employees in 2018||Revenue in 2018, million RUB|
|1||JSC SVYAZNOY LOGISTICS||16 276||109 862|
|2||LLC GAZSTROY||16 112||36 146|
|3||LLC SIBERIAN INTERNET COMPANY||15 334||49 298|
|4||JSC ILIM GROUP||14 963||155 701|
|5||JSC ER-TELECOM HOLDING||14 737||34 979|
|6||LLC ELDORADO||13 620||*110 406|
|7||LLC SELTA (Magnit Group)||13 007||38 531|
|8||LLC RUSSIAN ENGINEERING COMPANY||12 680||32 870|
|9||LLC UNITED SERVICE COMPANY||12 609||12 749|
|10||JSC MEGAFON RETAIL||11 360||41 035|
(*) data on 2017
Simplified tax system (STS) is the most spread tax regime in Russia.
According to the FTS, 89% or 1,4 million out of 1,6 million companies having applied one or several special tax regimes, use simplified tax system (Picture 2). 5% of legal entities combine STS and imputed income of individual entrepreneurs (UTII). Special tax regime allows companies to pay one general tax at reduced rate instead of income tax, property tax and VAT.
The fact of applying the STS by the counterparty is indicative of income not exceeding 150 million RUB per year, the number of stuff is up to 100 employees, the cost of fixed assets is less than 150 million RUB, the counterparty does not belong to organizations activities of which are especially strictly controlled by the state (banks, insurance companies, manufacturers of excisable goods, budget institutions), does not pay income taxes, taxes on property of organizations and VAT.
Participation in the consolidated group of taxpayers is the prerogative of large business.
Consolidated group of taxpayers can be created if one company directly or indirectly participates in the authorized capital of other companies, and the share of such participation in each legal entity is at least 90%.
According to the data for 2018, the FTS published information on 210 responsible members of the consolidated group. In 2017, there were 88 such participants.
While checking business partners or counterparties, their participation in consolidated group of taxpayers is indicative of belonging to a vertically integrated holding headed by major taxpayers, taxation and business of which are strictly controlled and extremely transparent.
Data, publication of which on the FTS resource is expected by the year-end, will also be placed in Globas:
On October 1, 2019, the FTS plans to publish information on income and expenses from the financial statements of organizations, as well as information on taxes, fees and insurance contributions paid in 2018.
On December 1, 2019, the FTS is expected to disclose information on arrears, tax debts, arrears of insurance premiums, and information on tax violations.