Activity trends of companies included in the largest food chains of Russia

trends 15.01.2021

Information agency Credinform has prepared a review of trends of the largest Russian food retailers.

The largest companies of “Perekrestok, “Pyaterochka”, “Karusel”, “Lenta” and “Magnit” chains (TOP-50) in terms of annual revenue were selected for the analysis according to the data from the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service for the latest available periods (2014-2019). The analysis was based on the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.

Net assets are total assets less total liabilities. This indicator reflects the real value of the property of an enterprise. When the company’s debt exceeds the value of its property, the indicator is considered negative (insufficiency of property).

The largest company in term of net assets is LLC CORPORATE CENTER X5, INN 7728632689, Moscow. In 2019, net assets value of the company almost amounted to 463 billion RUB.

The lowest net assets value among TOP-50 belonged to LLC EXPRESS RETAIL, INN 7707648286, Moscow. In 2019, insufficiency of property of the organization was indicated in negative value of -2,4 billion RUB.

Covering the six-year period, the average net assets values have a trend to increase with a decreasing growth rate (Picture 1).

Picture 1. Change in industry average net assets value in 2014 – 2019 Picture 1. Change in industry average net assets value in 2014 – 2019

Over the past six years, the share of companies with insufficient property had a negative trend to increase (Picture 2).

Picture 2. Shares of TOP-50 companies with negative net assets value in 2014-2019 Picture 2. Shares of TOP-50 companies with negative net assets value in 2014-2019

Sales revenue
In 2019, the revenue volume of 3 largest companies of the industry was 80% of total TOP-50 revenue (Picture 3). This is indicative of relatively high level of aggregation of capital in the food retail market.

Picture 3. The share of TOP-10 companies in total 2019 revenue of TOP-50 Picture 3. The share of TOP-10 companies in total 2019 revenue of TOP-50

In general, there is a trend to increase in revenue with decreasing growth rate (Picture 4).

Picture 4. Change in industry average net profit in 2014 – 2019 Picture 4. Change in industry average net profit in 2014 – 2019

Profit and loss
The largest organization in term of net profit is JSC MAGNIT, INN 2309085638, Krasnodar territory. The company’s profit for 2019 almost reached 41 billion RUB.

Covering the six-year period, there is a trend to decrease in average net profit with the increasing growth rate (Picture 5).

Picture 5. Change in industry average net profit (loss) values in 2014 – 2019 Picture 5. Change in industry average net profit (loss) values in 2014 – 2019

For the six-year period, the average net profit values of TOP-50 have the decreasing trend with the increasing net loss (Picture 6).

Picture 6. Change in average net profit and net loss of ТОP-50 in 2014 – 2019 Picture 6. Change in average net profit and net loss of ТОP-50 in 2014 – 2019

Key financial ratios
Covering the six-year period, the average values of the current liquidity ratio were above the recommended one - from 1,0 to 2,0 with a trend to decrease (Picture 7).

Current liquidity ratio (current assets to short-term liabilities) shows the sufficiency of company’s assets to repay on short-term liabilities.

Picture 7. Change in industry average values of current liquidity ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 7. Change in industry average values of current liquidity ratio in 2014 – 2019

Covering the six-year period, the average values of ROI ratio have a trend to increase (Picture 8).

ROI ratio is calculated as net profit to sum of shareholders equity and long-term liabilities, and shows the return of equity involved in commercial activities and long-term borrowed funds.

Picture 8. Change in industry average values of ROI ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 8. Change in industry average values of ROI ratio in 2014 – 2019

Assets turnover ratio is the ratio of sales revenue and company’s average total assets for a period. It characterizes the effectiveness of using of all available resources, regardless the source of their attraction. The ratio shows how many times per year the full cycle of production and circulation is performed, generating the corresponding effect in the form of profit.

Covering the six-year period, business activity ratio demonstrated the decreasing trend (Picture 9).

Picture 9. Change in average values of assets turnover ratio in 2014 – 2019 Picture 9. Change in average values of assets turnover ratio in 2014 – 2019

Small business
Only one company of the TOP-50 is registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation. Its share in total revenue of TOP-50 is 0,01% that is significantly lower than the national average in 2018-2019 (Picture 10).

Picture 10. Shares of revenue of small and medium-sized enterprises in TOP-50 Picture 10. Shares of revenue of small and medium-sized enterprises in TOP-50

Main regions of activity
Companies of TOP-50 are registered in 8 regions of Russia, and unequally located across the country. Almost 98% of companies largest by revenue are located in Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Krasnodar territory (Picture 11).

Picture 11. Distribution of TOP-50 revenue by regions of Russia Picture 11. Distribution of TOP-50 revenue by regions of Russia

Financial position score
Assessment of the financial position of TOP-50 companies shows that the majority of them have financial position above average (Picture 12).

Picture 12. Distribution of TOP-50 companies by financial position score Picture 12. Distribution of TOP-50 companies by financial position score

Solvency index Globas
Most of TOP-50 companies got Superior / High and Strong / Medium index Globas. This fact shows their ability to meet their obligations fully (Picture 13).

Picture 13. Distribution of TOP-50 companies by solvency index Globas Picture 13. Distribution of TOP-50 companies by solvency index Globas

Conclusion
Complex assessment of activity of the largest Russian food retailers, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the prevalence of negative trends in the industry in 2014 - 2019 (Table 1).

Table 1. Positive and negative trends, evaluation factors
Trends and evaluation factors Relative share of factors, %
Dynamics of the average net assets value up10
Rate of growth (decrease) in the average size of net assets down-10
Increase (decrease) in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets down-10
Level of competition / monopolization down-10
Dynamics of the average revenue up10
Rate of growth (decrease) in the average size of revenue down-10
Dynamics of the average profit (loss) down-10
Rate of growth (decrease) in the average profit (loss) up10
Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net profit down-10
Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net loss down-10
Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio down-5
Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio up10
Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times down-10
Share of small and medium-sized businesses in terms of revenue being more than 22% down-10
Regional concentration down-10
Financial position (the largest share) up10
Solvency index Globas (the largest share) up10
Average value of relative share of factors down-2,6

вверхpositive trend (factor), внизnegative trend (factor)