Procurements will support the economy
In spite of crisis developments in the economy, the number of procurements of state-owned companies and budget organizations in Russia carried out within the Federal Laws 223-FZ and 44-FZ is on the increase. The main difference between the two Federal Laws, governing the contract system, is the source of financing. Thus, in procurements by 223-FZ a customer pays (carries out) the supply of a good (work, service) from own funds, including via grants, funds obtained by the implementation of income-generating activities, and by 44-FZ - at the expense of federal and local budgets.
In total as of year-end 2015 3,0 mln notices on procurements were published by 44-FZ, that is by 10,4% more than the level of 2014, and nearly 1,3 mln notices on procurements by 223- FZ, increase for the year - by 18,4% (s. picture 1).
The increase in the absolute number of procurements is accompanied by a significant increase in the total value of all procurement procedures, the money for the implementation of which (in case of the conclusion of agreements, contracts) will be directed to suppliers that will monetary support the business under the existing difficulties of credit attracting and private investments (s. Picture 2). The total volume of notices on published procurements in 2015 is estimated at 29,5 trillion RUB, that is 36,5% of Russia's GDP (80,8 trillion RUB).
In relative terms, the cost of procurements by 223-FZ grew by 29,9% for the year (up to 23,1 trillion RUB), by 44-FZ - by 7,2% (up to 6,5 trillion RUB).
According to the Picture 3, the average cost of one procurement carried out by 223-FZ increased by 9,7% in 2015 (up to 18,2 mln RUB), and the average value of a procurement by 44-FZ decreased slightly - by 3,0% (up to 2,1 mln RUB).
As of the 2nd of May 2016, 80,6 thousands registered customers carry out the procurements by 223-FZ, that is almost two times higher than their number at the end of 2013. About 260 thousands customers are currently involved in procurements by 44-FZ (94-FZ), and their amount is slightly higher than the data of the end of 2013 (s. Picture 4), because the number of budget organizations in Russia has no tendency to a significant increase.
The maximum total value of contracts as a result of procurements by 44-FZ at year-end 2015 belongs to the Federal state-owned institution «Upravlenie federalnykh avtomobilnykh dorog «Taman» Federalnogo dorozhnogo agentstva» (The Department of federal automobile roads «Taman» of the Federal Road Agency). The Department has concluded contracts for a total sum of 228,3 bln RUB. The company carries out the design and construction of a bridge across the Kerch Strait. Next in the ranking of the largest customers are: Construction department of Moscow – 133,6 bln RUB, and the Ministry of Defense of the RF - 114 bln RUB. (s. Table 1).
Regarding the institutions, which most often carry out procurements by 44-FZ, here you can see a somewhat different picture: the Department of Health of Moscow takes the first place, which published 3504 procurement notices in the preceding year, it is followed by the State public institution «Upravlenie materialno-tekhnicheskogo obespecheniya Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniya Respubliki Bashkortostan» – 3179 procurements.
Table 1. Major customers on the amount of the completed contracts and the number of procurements in 2015 under the Federal Law 44-FZ
|№||Name of the customer||Amount of the completed contracts, mln RUB|
|1||Federal state-owned institution «Upravlenie federalnykh avtomobilnykh dorog «Taman» Federalnogo dorozhnogo agentstva»||228 344|
|2||Construction department of Moscow||133 582|
|3||Ministry of Defense of the RF||114 030|
|4||Federal Space Agency («Roskosmos»)||104 850|
|5||Committee for St. Petersburg Transport Infrastructure Development||94 713|
|№||Name of the customer||Number of procurements|
|1||Department of Health of Moscow||3 504|
|2||State public institution «Upravlenie materialno-tekhnicheskogo obespecheniya Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniya Respubliki Bashkortostan»||3 179|
|3||Ministry of Defense of the RF||2 257|
|4||Department of Health and Social Protection of the population of Belgorod region||2 132|
|5||State public institution of Novosibirsk region «Novosiboblfarm»||1 966|
On the total value of procurements made within the Federal Law 223-FZ Rosneft Oil Company JSC is the undisputed leader. The total cost of lots of this customers is 5,6 trillion RUB or more than 24% of the sum of all procurements on this Federal Law (s. Table 2).
And a major Russian carrier – RZHD JSC (Russian Railways) - is involved in procurements as a customer the most frequently: in 2015 the company held 18 182 procurement procedures.
Table 2. Major customers on the total price of lots and the number of procurements in 2015 under the Federal Law 223-FZ
|№||Name of the customer||Total price of lots, mln RUB|
|1||Rosneft Oil Company JSC||5 609 444|
|2||Gazprom pererabotka Blagoveshchensk LLC||801 560|
|3||Uralsevergaz - nezavisimaya gazovaya kompaniya JSC||630 939|
|4||Kuzbasskaya energosetevaya kompaniya LLC||629 619|
|5||Gazprom neftekhim Salavat JSC||603 003|
|№||Name of the customer||Number of procurements|
|1||Russian Railways JSC||18 182|
|2||Rostelecom PJSC||7 746|
|3||Sberbank of Russia PJSC||5 565|
|4||T Plus PJSC||5 451|
|5||Rosneft Oil Company JSC||3 569|
Thus, the contract system intended to implement procurement activities of state budget legal entities on a competitive basis, reduce corruption component and increase their transparency, turned on top of that into a huge system of redistribution of financial flows to the real economy, the size of which is comparable with the quarterly GDP of Russia, in particular GDP of the RF in the IV quarter of 2015 amounted to 22,0 trillion RUB. This fact can be considered as a boon for the business environment, in conditions of tough monetary policy of the Central Bank and the inability to obtain credits in Western banks due to the imposed sanctions. Not only large suppliers can connect to this source of «long» money, but also small business, individual entrepreneurs and even natural persons, offering an unique product to the market. According to the Federal Law* not less than 15% of the total annual volume of procurements must be purchased from small businesses.
* According to Part. 1, Article 30 of the Federal Law № 44-FZ "About contract system in the procurements of goods, works and services for state and municipal needs" from 05/04/2013, customers are obliged to make purchases from small businesses, socially oriented non-profit organizations in the volume of not less than fifteen percent of the total annual volume of procurements.