Information agency Credinform represents the ranking of the largest Russian hotel business enterprises. The companies with the largest volume of annual revenue (TOP-10) were selected for the ranking, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (for 2015 - 2017). Then they were ranked by accounts receivable turnover (Table 1). The analysis was made on the basis of the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The ratio characterizes the effectiveness of using by the company of its resources. The higher is the ratio value, the more effective is business, that is the higher the return per every monetary unit invested in assets.
However, it is necessary to take into account that the book value of assets may not correspond to their current market value. For example, under the influence of inflation, the book value of fixed assets will increasingly be underestimated in time, that will lead to an overestimation of the return on assets. Thus, it is necessary to take into account not only the structure, but also the age of the assets.
It should be also taken into account the dynamics of this indicator. Its consistent decline indicates a drop in asset utilization.
The experts of the Information agency Credinform, taking into account the actual situation both in the economy as a whole and in the sectors, has developed and implemented in the Information and Analytical system Globas the calculation of practical values of financial ratios that can be recognized as normal for a particular industry. For hotel business enterprises the practical value of the return on assets ratio is from -9,3%.
For getting of the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention to all combination of indicators and financial ratios.
|Name of legal entity and hotel, INN, region||Revenue, billion RUB||Net profit (loss), billion RUB||Retune on assets, %||Solvency index Globas|
Solo Sokos Hotel Palace Bridge
INN 7841338200 Saint-Petersburg
|LOTTE RUS NJSC
Lotte Hotel Moscow
INN 7704169180 Moscow
|EUROPE HOTEL LLC
Grand Hotel Europe
INN 7841304521 Saint-Petersburg
|TURISTSKIE GOSTINICHNYE KOMPLEKSY IZMAILOVO NJSC
INN 7719017101 Moscow
Four Seasons Hotel Moscow
INN 7703774970 Moscow
Hotel Radisson Collection Moscow
INN 7730121138 Moscow
|KRASNAYA POLYANA NJSC
Resort Gorky Gorod
INN 2320102816 Krasnodar territory
|SKI RESORT DEVELOPMENT COMPANY ROSA KHUTOR LLC
Ski resort Rosa Khutor
INN 7702347870 Moscow
Taleon Imperial Hotel
INN 7808025538 Saint-Petersburg
|MANAGEMENT COMPANY OKHOTNY RYAD LLC
INN 7704833523 Moscow
|Total by TOP-10 companies||24,48||29,80||-14,09||-2,77|
|Avearge value by TOP-10 companies||2,45||2,98||-1,41||-0,28||-3,34||-0,75|
|Industry average value||0,02||0,03||-0,001||-0,007||-1,13||-9,30|
— improvement of the indicator to the previous period, — decline in the indicator to the previous period.
The average value of the return on sales of TOP-10 enterprises is above industry average and practical values. Six companies from the TOP-10 list improved the indicators in 2017 compared to the previous period.
The industry average indicators of the return on assets ratio have a downward trend over the course of 10 years (Picture 2).
The key element of financial stability and solvency of countries is their international reserves. Reserves are used as safety net during financial crises and warn investors of a level of investment protection in international transactions.
Currency reserves make the most liquid part of international reserves. Absolute leader in terms of accumulated currency reserves, following the results of Q4 2018, is China - 3 488 billion USD (s. Table 1).
Russia takes 6-th place of the rating with 371 billion USD. Compared to the similar period of 2017 currency reserves of the RF have 7,4% increased.
Remarkably, comprehensive currency reserves of the euro-region countries make just 290 billion USD.
|№||Country||Currency reserves, the end of Q4 2018, billion USD||Change to Q4 2017, %|
|1||China (including Hong Kong)||3 488||-1,9|
|5||The Republic of Korea||493||3,6|
According to recent published by the IMF data on the end of Q3 2018, absolute volume of cumulated currency reserves in the world was valued at 11,4 trillion USD. US dollar continues to be main reserve currency – 6,6 trillion USD are kept in North American currency. (s. Picture 1).
At the same time, position of US dollar as leading reserve currency is weakening. On the basis of quarter dynamics of main currencies` deposit to world reserves, decrease in share of USD from 65,5% in Q1 2016 to 61,9% in Q3 2018 can be observed. Positions of Euro, Japanese yen and other currencies are increasing (s. Picture 2). How stable will be this tendency, it become clear in the next one – two years.