The Government of the Russian Federation by Resolution No. 1723 dated 09.10.2021 approved the rules for providing information from the Unified Federal Register of Population Data, the creation of which we reported in the publication dated 15.06.2020. In November, the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation should complete creation of a single database of all Russian citizens, and from January 1, 2022, citizens will be able to register children in any civil registration office.
Some provisions of the law will take effect from January 1, 2024 and 2025, respectively. A transition period is also envisaged until 31.12.2025.
The Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation fully maintains the Register, including the protection of information based on data from civil registration offices since 1926. In addition, own data of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation, data of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Ministries of Defense, Science and Higher Education and state extra-budgetary funds is used.
It is important, however, to emphasize that the Register does not contain information about taxes, income, pensions, health status, including QR codes, as well as biometric data of citizens.
By the approved rules, information from the Register can be provided to:
- individuals or their legal representatives, in terms of information compiled in relation to these persons, in electronic form through the Unified Portal of State and Municipal Services (Functions);
- public administration bodies within their competence, through the system of Interdepartmental Electronic Interaction.
It is also provided that notaries have the right to receive the necessary data to perform notarial actions on behalf of the Russian Federation from 01.01.2025 through the Unified Information System of the Notary.
The Ministry of Justice proposes to change the paper certificates of the civil registation office to entries in the Register in the future.
From December 2021 to May 2022 according to the Russian Federation Decree of 03.11.2021 No 1910 nitrogenous fertilizers export quota is set. It is associated with world gas prices rise in compliance with rise of prices of fertilizers with proportion of gas up to 80%. This measure will help to prevent shortage of fertilizers on the Russian market, especially taking into account the negative trends in the activities of the largest domestic producers in the recent years.
The most important of them are: high level of monopolization, growth in loss and decreasing tendency in the industrial production index for the past 12 months. Among positive trends there are decrease in shares of the companies with insufficient property, growth in revenue and increase in ROI ratio.
For this analysis information agency Credinform selected the largest companies producing fertilizers and nitrogen compounds (TOP 100) in terms of annual revenue according to the data from the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service for the latest available periods (2015-2020). The analysis was based on the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The largest company in term of net assets is EUROCHEM - USOLSKY POTASH COMPLEX, INN 5911066005, Perm Territory. In 2020 net assets of the company exceeded 157 billion RUB.
The lowest net assets value among TOP 100 belonged to JSC UNITED CHEMICAL COMPANY URALCHEM, INN 7703647595, Moscow. Insufficient property figured out negative value -109 billion RUB.
For the five-year period the average net assets values of TOP 100 tend to increase with decreasing rate of its growth. (Picture 1).
Shares of the companies with insufficient property had a positive trend to decrease. (Picture 2).
In 2020, the revenue volume of the ten largest companies was about 87% of total TOP 100 revenue (Picture 3). This indicates a high level of monopolization in the industry.
For five years average revenue values of TOP 100 and rates of its growth increase with every year. (Picture 4).
Profit and loss
In 2020, the largest organization in term of profit was also EUROCHEM - USOLSKY POTASH COMPLEX. The company’s profit exceeded 13 billion RUB.
For the five-year period there is a trend to decrease in average net profit of TOP 100. (Picture 5).
For the five-year period average net profit of TOP 100 have a decreasing trend with increasing net loss (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
For the five-year period average values of current liquidity ratio of TOP 100 were mostly above the recommended one - from 1,0 to 2,0 with a trend to decrease. (Picture 7).
For the five-year period average values of ROI ratio of TOP 100 were on the high level and showed increasing trend. (Picture 8).
For the five-year period average values of assets turnover ratio of TOP 100 had a trend to decrease. (Picture 9).
80% of the TOP 100 companies are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation. Moreover their share in total revenue of the TOP 100 in 2020 is only 1,7% that is way below the average values over the country in 2018 - 2019. (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
Companies of TOP 100 are registered in 38 regions of Russia (45% of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation), and unequally located across the country due to the specifics of raw materials sources geographical location. More than 49% of total revenue of TOP 100 companies in 2020 are located in Perm Territory, Moscow and Novgorod Region. (Picture 11).
Financial position score
Assessment of the financial position of TOP 100 companies shows that the majority of them have average financial position (Picture 12).
Industrial production index
According to the Statistical Register data, for 12 months in 2020 – 2021 there is a decrease in values of pesticides and agrochemicals industrial production index. (Picture 14). However, average value of the index month over month was 105.6%.
Complex assessment of activity of the largest fertilizers producers demonstrates the prevalence of negative trends in 2016 - 2020 (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors||Relative share of factors, %|
|Dynamics of the average net assets value||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of net assets||-10|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Level of competition / monopolization||-10|
|Dynamics of the average revenue||10|
|Rate of growth (decrease) in the average size of revenue||10|
|Dynamics of the average profit (loss)||-10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net profit||-10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net loss||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||-5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||-10|
|Share of small and medium-sized businesses in terms of revenue being more than 20%||-10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||5|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Average industrial production index for 12 months, month over month more than 100%||10|
|Dynamics of the industrial production index for 12 months||-10|
|Average value of relative share of factors||-0,8|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor)