Small food service businesses

According to the changes in the Tax Code of the Russian Federation, adopted by the Federal Law dated 02.07.2021 No 305-FZ, starting from 2022 food service companies are exempt from VAT. The privilege applies mainly to small businesses, whose economic situation in recent years leaves much to be desired, but return on investment continues to grow.

For this ranking the Information Agency Credinform selected the largest companies in terms of annual revenue, according to the data from the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service for the latest available accounting periods (2018 – 2020). These companies are registered in the Unified Register of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation and engaged in food service sector (TOP 10 and TOP 100). Then they were ranked by return on investment ratio (ROI ratio) (Table 1). The selection and analysis are based on the data from Globas.

Return on investment ratio is calculated as the ratio of net profit to the amount of equity and long-term liabilities and shows the return on equity involved in commercial activities and long-term attracted funds of the organization.

In order to get the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise, it is necessary to pay attention to all the combination of financial indicators and company’s ratios.

Table 1. Net profit (loss), revenue, ROI ratio, solvency index Globas of the small food service businesses (TOP-10)
Name, INN, region Revenue, million RUB Net profit (loss), million RUB ROI, % Solvency index Globas
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2020
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
INN 2315152138 Krasnodar Territory
Chain of hotels, restaurants, cafes and shops in Abrau-Durso
up793,8 up878,8 up-57,1 up-4,7 down-2 468,32 up198,22 298 Medium
INN 7808037300 Saint Petersburg
Café chain “Bushe”
up1 594,1 down1 328,2 down120,7 down103,7 down55,71 down34,58 192 High
INN 5047196943 Moscow Region
Chain of fast food restaurants at gas stations
up954,4 up1 040,7 up543,2 down507,8 down47,68 down30,83 262 Medium
INN 5009074422 Moscow Region
Café chain “Kofemaniya”
up1 390,5 down936,5 up226,7 down187,9 up27,85 down18,76 212 Strong
INN 1650100830 Republic of Tatarstan
Catering in educational institutions
up1 571,6 down1 215,6 up86,6 down45,7 up41,93 down18,13 180 High
INN 7727021870 Moscow
Catering in educational institutions, health care, on the territory of the customer
up1 438,0 down1 295,2 up32,0 down16,9 up28,43 down11,50 202 Strong
INN 7729399636 Moscow
Moscow café chain “Kofemaniya”
up1 647,6 down1 598,2 down-112,7 up16,8 down-48,02 down6,66 234 Strong
INN 7728339641 Moscow
International café chain “Cofix”
up1 631,0 down1 310,5 up12,2 down1,0 up23,80 down2,00 277 Medium
INN 7813037232 Saint Petersburg
Organization of hot meals in St. Petersburg for students of educational schools, professional schools, lyceums
up1 576,2 up1 577,3 down3,4 down3,1 down1,82 down1,68 222 Strong
INN 9710013554 Moscow
Burger chain
up1 483,2 down860,9 up77,8 down-4,4 up552,72 down-30,51 345 Adequate
Average value for TOP 10 up1 408,1 down1 204,2 up93,3 down87,4 down-173,64 up29,18  
Average value for the industry up33,1 down29,2 up1,6 up2,2 up32,41 up46,74  

вверх improvement compared to prior period, вниз decline compared to prior period

In 2020 average values of ROI for TOP 10 were below the average values for the industry. Only two companies out of TOP 10 improved their values, meanwhile in 2019 there were five such companies.

Three companies out of ten increased revenue and two increased net profit. At the same time decrease in average revenue value for TOP 10 was 14% and in average industry value it was 12%. Net profit in TOP 10 decreased by 6%, but average value for the industry increased by 38%.

For the past five years, industry average values of ROI ratio were improving for the whole period. The highest value was achieved in 2020 and the lowest was shown in 2016. (Picture 1.).

Picture 1. Change of average industry values of ROI ratio in the food service sector in 2016 – 2020 Picture 1. Change of average industry values of ROI ratio in the food service sector in 2016 – 2020
Changes in legislation

Starting from 2022, companies from food service industry such as cafes, bars, restaurants, lunch counters, canteens, snack bars etc. are granted a privilege that exempt from VAT payment. It is provided by changes in parts one and two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation, according to the Federal Law dated 02.07.2021 No 305-FZ.

Tax exempt is limited by three restrictions:

- Annual income should not be higher than 2 billion RUB, it is also an upper limit for the company to be considered as a small and medium-size enterprise;

- 70% of the sum should be received directly from the food service industry;

- salaries and wages of the staff should not be below the average for the region.

In addition, this Law exempts cultural institutions from advance payments of income tax, and regional small business support measures are not the subject to personal income tax and VAT.

Users of Globas have the opportunity to get all available information about all companies considered small businesses, including food service sector if they use “Filters” tool.