The Federal law of July 13, 2020 No. 196-FL introduced a number of significant changes to the legislation governing the activities of consumer credit cooperatives, pawnshops and microfinance organizations.
The law clearly defines the goals of creating credit cooperatives:
- organization of mutual financial assistance to members and associate members by combining share contributions, attracted funds in the form of loans, and other funds;
- placing funds through loans to members of cooperatives to meet their financial needs.
A mandatory requirement for the full name of credit cooperatives is the content of the word "credit".
Persons with criminal history on record for economic crimes or crimes against public authorities cannot be elected or appointed to the management boards, supervisory boards, to the positions of chairpersons or executive directors.
The Central Bank of the Russian Federation, when exercising control and supervisory functions over the activities of credit cooperatives, has the right to establish the forms, terms, procedure for drawing up and submitting reporting documentation.
In addition, the Central Bank exercises supervisory functions over the activities of pawnshops and maintains the State Register of Pawnshops. Legal entities acquire the status of a pawnshop from the date of entering information about them in this state register and, accordingly, lose such status from the date of exclusion from it.
The absence within one year of concluded loan agreements secured by movable things or agreements for their storage are one of the main grounds for excluding a pawnshop from the state register.
The law also provides that the amount of loans provided by a pawnshop may not exceed the amount of assessment of the pledged items.
The law establishes that such organizations are required to have an official website on the Internet with a domain name included in the group of domain names that make up the Russian national domain zone. Information in the field of personal data is subject to mandatory publication on such sites and in customer service points. The list of such information, the procedure and timing of their disclosure are also set by the Central Bank.
The federal law will come into force on October 10, 2020.
The subscribers of the Information and Analytical system Globas are able to get acquainted with the activities of all credit cooperatives, pawnshops and microfinance organizations. Globas totally contains data on over 8 thousand active organizations of this sector.
Information agency Credinform has prepared a review of the activity trends of the companies of real economy in Novosibirsk during the financial crisis of 2008 – 2009 years.
The largest enterprises (TOP-1000) in terms of annual revenue were selected for the analysis according to the data from the Statistical Register for the period of 2006 – 2011 years. The analysis was based on the data from the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The number of active companies
From 2006 to 2011, the number of active companies increased, but the growth rates decreased especially during the acute phase of the crisis.
The largest company of the real sector of economy in Novosibirsk in term of net assets was JOINT STOCK COMPANY SIBERIAN ENERGY COMPANY, INN 5405270340.
In 2011, net assets value of the company amounted to almost 14 billion RUB. In 2019, the figure was almost 23 billion RUB.
The lowest net assets value among TOP-1000 was recorded for LLC TORGOVY KVARTAL-NOVOSIBIRSK, INN 5405230467. In 2011, insufficiency of property of the company was indicated in negative value of -2,8 billion RUB, and -3,2 billion RUB in 2018.
In 2006-2011, the average net assets values of TOP-1000 had a trend to increase, and the growth rates were in general decreased during the acute phase of the crisis and the beginning of its recovery. (Picture 2).
The shares of TOP-1000 companies with insufficient property have trend to increase in 2006-2011(Picture 3).
The largest company of the real sector of economy in Novosibirsk by revenue was JSC KATREN, INN 5408130693. The revenue volume exceeded 79 billion RUB in 2011, and almost reached 185 billion RUB in 2019.
In general, there was a trend to increase in revenue with decreasing growth rate (Picture 4).
Profit and loss
The largest company in term of net profit was BROKERCREDITSERVICE LTD, INN 5406121446. The company’s profit exceeded 5 billion RUB in 2011, and 137 billion RUB in 2017.
During the period of 2006 – 2011, the average profit figures of TOP-1000 companies had a trend to increase with the insignificantly increasing growth rates. (Picture 5).
In 2006 – 2011, the average net profit figures of TOP-1000 companies had a trend to increase with the increasing average net loss (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
In 2006 – 2011, the average values of the current liquidity ratio of TOP-1000 were above the recommended one – from 1,0 to 2,0, with a trend to decrease. (Picture 7).
At the period of 2006 – 2011, there was a general trend to decrease in the average ROI values of TOP-1000 with a significant decline in 2010 (Picture 8).
In 2006 – 2011, there was a trend to decrease of this ratio (Picture 9).
75% companies of TOP-1000 are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation. However, their share in total revenue of TOP-1000 amounted more than 30% in 2011 (Picture 10).
Financial position score
According to the assessment, the financial position of most of TOP-1000 companies is above average in 2020 (Picture 11).
Complex assessment of activity of the largest companies of the real economy sector in Novosibirsk, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the prevalence of positive trends in 2006 - 2011 (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors||Relative share of factor, %||Possible forecast|
|Dynamics of the number of active companies||10|
|Rate of growth of the number of active companies||-10||During the acute phase of the crisis and the period of recovery, rate of growth of the active companies may be decreased|
|Dynamics of the average net assets value||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of net assets||-10||During the acute phase of the crisis, rate of growth in the net assets may be decreased|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Dynamics of the average revenue||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of revenue||-10||During the acute phase of the crisis and the period of recovery, rate of growth in revenue may be decreased|
|Dynamics of the average profit||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of profit (loss)||10||During the acute phase of the crisis, rate of growth in average profit may be decreased|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net profit||10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net loss||-10||During the acute phase of the crisis and the period of recovery, net loss may be increased|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||-5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||-10||During the acute phase of the crisis and the period of recovery, return on investment ratio may by decreased|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||-10||Business activity may by decreased during the acute phase of the crisis, and will be slowly increased during the period of recovery|
|Share of small and medium-sized businesses in terms of revenue being more than 20%||10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||10|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Average value of relative share of factors||2,1|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor).