In 2016 the amendments to the Federal Law №54 of 22.05.2003 "On the application of cash registers in the implementation of cash payments and (or) calculations with the use of payment cards" were adopted.
Let us point out, that the Federal Law identifies:
- fields, rules and application features of cash register equipment (CRE);
- the procedure for maintenance of the CRE Register and Fiscal Driver Register;
- the procedure for examination of CRE models and technical means of fiscal data operator;
- requirements to the CRE and fiscal driver, procedure for registration, reregistration and removal of CRE;
- the procedure and application conditions for CRE as well as the procedure for obtaining a permission on a fiscal data processing;
- requirements to the cash cheque and accountable forms;
- responsibilities of the entities and individual entrepreneurs, carrying out the calculations, and the rights of the users;
- the rights and responsibilities of tax authorities during verification and supervision over the usage of cash register equipment.
In practice the changes in legislation mean that starting from 1 July 2017 all owners of the cash registers are obligated to use new equipment fitted with fiscal driver and pass the cash cheques to tax authorities online. After 1 February 2017 to register the old models of cash registers in tax authorities will be impossible; after 1 July their usage will be impossible as well.
Since 1 July 2018 the businessmen operating under the uniform tax on imputed income system and patent taxation system will be obligated to use new cash registers.
The data transfer must be carried out through the certified operators of fiscal data. According to the Federal Tax Service, as of 18 November 2016 five entities are already carrying out such activity: NAO Energy Systems and Communications, LLC Taxcom, LLC Evotor OFD, LLC Yarus and LLC PETER-SERVICE Special technologies.
In retail trade the paper cheque will remain mandatory and it must be presented regardless of the buyer’s requirements. In addition to the above, according to innovations, the buyer will be able to ask for the cheque in electronic format and the seller will be obligated to send it by e-mail or sms message. The cheque will have new mandatory requisite - product range.
According to the experts, during the start-up period of implementation, the innovations won’t significantly influence on the improvement of business transparency due to rather high price of software and technical re-equipment and certain difficulties of small and medium business with Internet access or connection quality.
However, the bill of the Federal Tax Service, prepared for the Government in accordance with the Instructions of the President of the Russian Federation and the State Duma, is aimed to overcome some of the obstacles. The draft federal law provides the procedure for granting of tax deductions to taxpayers to cover the expenses related with the adoption of new usage procedure for cash register equipment.
Information agency Credinform has prepared the ranking of the largest public catering enterprises in Russia on the net profit ratio.
Earlier we referred to enterprises of this industry in our publications: “Return on assets of restaurant business”.
Enterprises having the largest revenue (TOP-10) for the last available in the Statistical register period (2015) and operating on the public catering market no less than three years were taken for the ranking. Further, they were ranked in the descending order of the net profit ratio (Table 1).
The net profit ratio (%) is calculated as a ratio of the net profit (loss) to sales revenue. The ratio shows the rate of companies’ sales profit.
There aren’t any standard values of the indicator. It is recommended to compare companies belonging to one industry or change of the ratio with time by a certain enterprise.
The negative value of the indicator shows that there is a net loss. The more the value of indicator is, the more effective the enterprise works.
In order to get the full and fair picture of the company’s financial situation, it is necessary to pay attention to all the available complex of ratios, financial and other indicators.
|Name||Net profit 2015, mln RUB||Revenue 2015, mln RUB||Revenue 2015 to 2014, (increase / decrease), %||Net profit ratio, %||Solvency index Globas-i|
|LLC DOMODEDOVO CATERING
Tax number 5009097155 Moscow region
Tax number 7712045131 Moscow region
Tax number 7710044140 Moscow
|2 548,5||60 639,0||14,6||4,20||186
Tax number 7801589077 Saint-Petersburg
|LLC RESTORANSERVIS PLYUS
Tax number 7802210076 Saint-Petersburg
Tax number 7801589084 Saint-Petersburg
|LLC GLAVNAYA LINIYA
Tax number 7728751238 Moscow
|PAO OBYEDINENNY KOMBINAT SHKOLNOGO PITANIYA SVAO
Tax number 7716771303 Moscow
|LLC ROSINTER RESTORANTS
Tax number 7737115648 Moscow
|LLC BURGER RUS
Tax number 7719723690 Moscow
|-1 316,2||13 955,5||34,7||-9,43||306
In 2015 the average value on the net profit ratio in the group of companies TOP-10 amounted to 2,41. The same indicator in the group of companies TOP-100 amounted to 1,7, while the industry-average value is 4,15.
Nine companies of the TOP-10 were given high and prime solvency index Globas-i, which bears evidence to their ability to meet debt obligations timely and in full.
LLC BURGER RUS was given satisfactory index Globas-i due to information about being a defendant in debt collection arbitration proceedings, unclosed writs of execution and loss in the balance sheet figures.
The total revenue of the TOP-10 in 2015 amounted to 135,6 billion RUB, which is by 18% more than in 2014. At the same time the total net profit in this group of companies decreased by 31%. Seven companies of the TOP-10 tolerated decrease of net profit amount in 2015 in comparison with the previous period, and three companies also decreased the revenue amount.
In group of companies TOP-100 the increase of the total revenue for the same period amounted to 26%, during decreasing of the total net profit by 64%.
Nine companies of the TOP-10, as the industry in the whole, have the positive values of the net profit ratio. It refers to higher profitability of the industry operation. However, there is a visible trend to growth rate reduction in recent years. It is confirmed by the data of the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) (Figure 2).
The total sales revenue amounting to 548 billion RUB in 2007 increased by 2015 by 2,4 times and amounts to 1 305 billion RUB.
According to the same data of the Rosstat, at the stated period the index of actual turnover volume of public catering has also a trend to decrease over the last years (Figure 3).
The public catering enterprises gravitate to a significant extent to the largest country’s agglomerations – Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. It is confirmed by the data of Information and Analytical system Globas-i, according to which 100 public catering enterprises largest by the revenue volume for 2015 are located in 22 regions of Russia.
|Region||Number of registered companies|
|Republic of Tatarstan||3|
|Khanty-Mansiisk autonomous district - Yugra||2|
Thus 63% of the industry-largest companies are situated in Moscow and Saint-Petersburg.