As of August 3rd, 2020 the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation announced the withdrawal from the Double Taxation Agreement with the Republic of Cyprus.
The Ministries of Finance of Luxembourg, Malta and the Netherlands also received the letters about the introduction of amendments to the reciprocal agreements.
The amendments were made in the framework of implementation of instruction of the President of Russia on increase of income tax rates from dividends and interests, which are withdrawn to the rest of the world accounts. This measure is meant to help to recover the damages from the economic crisis and pandemic, closing the door of large capital outflow from Russia.
As a reminder, the tax rate on dividends in the current agreement with Cyprus might be reduced to 5% or 10%, on interests – to 0%. Standard tax rate in Russia is higher: on dividends equals to 15%, on interests – to 20%.
The Ministry of Finance of Russia proposed to increase the income tax rate on dividends and interests arriving from the Russian companies to parent companies, registered in low-tax jurisdictions, to 15% starting from January 1st, 2021.
Luxembourg and Malta accepted the Russian proposal to reconsider the terms of the agreement. The Netherlands’ decision is still expected, but is likely to be positive.
Cyprus is the hardest-hit party being the most popular jurisdiction of the Russian business. According to the Ministry of Russia, more than 1,9 trillion RUB or 27 billion USD were withdrawn to Cyprus in 2019. This sum surpasses the Cyprus GDP, which amounted to 24,5 billion USD in 2019..
Cyprus disagrees with the Russian plans and sets forwards its own suggestions, as the decrease of the budget revenue might become significant. The results of the negotiations will become available after the regular meeting on the August 11th.
After the introduction of amendments, it will be unprofitable to use low-tax jurisdictions for the tax avoidance. The repatriation of the Russian holdings should be first of all expected to the regions with the special treatment - the Far East and Kaliningrad.
It is possible to monitor the changes of shareholders and beneficiaries in the Russian companies, as well as to get the information on affiliated international companies in the Globas.
Information agency Credinform has prepared a review of the activity trends of the largest software developers in Russia.
Software developers and companies rendering consultancy services in this business area (TOP-1000) with the largest annual revenue were selected for the analysis, according to the latest accounting periods in the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service (2010 – 2019). The analysis was based on the data from the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The largest enterprise of the industry in terms of net assets is Joint Stock Company Atomic Energy Power Corporation, INN 7706664260, Moscow. In 2019, net assets value of the company amounted to 1352 billion RUB.
The lowest net assets value among TOP-1000 was recorded for TECHNOSERV MANAGEMENT, INN 7722536788, Moscow. In 2019, insufficiency of property of the company was indicated in negative value of -5142 billion RUB.
During the decade, average industry values of net profit ratio had a tendency to decrease with a positive dynamics of growth rates. (Picture 1).
The shares of TOP-1000 enterprises with insufficiency of assets have a tendency to decrease in the last five years (Picture 2).
The revenue volume of 10 leading companies of the industry made 31% of the total revenue of TOP-1000 in 2019 (Picture 3). It points to a high level of monopolization in the industry.
In general, there is a tendency to decrease in the revenue volumes, with a positive dynamics of growth rates (Picture 4).
Profit and losses
The largest company of the industry in terms of net profit value is YANDEX LLC, INN 7736207543, Moscow. The company's profit amounted to 26,5 billion RUB in 2019.
Over a ten-year period, the indicators of the industry average profit have a tendency to decrease, with a positive dynamics of growth rates (Picture 5).
Over a five-year period, average values of net profit’s indicators of TOP-1000 enterprises have a tendency to decrease, at the same time the average value of net loss increases. (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
Over the ten-year, period the industry average indicators of the total liquidity were within the range of recommended values - from 1,0 up to 2,0, with a tendency to increase. (Picture 7).
Over the ten-year period, the industry average values of the return on investment ratio have a tendency to increase. (Picture 8).
Over a ten-year period, indicators of this ratio of business activity showed an upward trend (Picture 9).
66% companies of TOP-1000 are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation. At the same time, their share in total revenue of TOP-1000 amounts to 19%, which is lower than the national average indicator in 2018-2019 (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
The TOP-1000 companies are registered in 55 regions and distributed unequal across Russia. Almost 83% of the largest enterprises in terms of revenue are concentrated in Moscow and St. Petersburg (Picture 11).
Financial position score
According to the assessment, the financial position of most of TOP-1000 companies is above average (Picture 12).
Complex assessment of activity of the largest software developers in Russia, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the prevalence of positive trends in 2010- 2019 (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors||Specific share of factor, %|
|Dynamics of the number of active companies||-10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of net assets||10|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Level of competition / monopolization||5|
|Dynamics of the average revenue||-10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of revenue||10|
|Dynamics of the average profit (loss)||-10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of profit (loss)||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of companies’ net profit||5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of companies’ net loss||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||10|
|Share of small and medium-sized businesses in terms of revenue being more than 20%||5|
|Financial position (the largest share)||10|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Average value of relative share of factors||3,2|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor).