Regional budgets for 2020 and the planning period 2021-2022 were adopted in all the subjects of the Russian Federation. The budget of each region consists of incomes and expenditures. The income budget is formed by taxes, as well as inter-budget transfers. The expenditure budget consists of revenues and sources of financing the deficit when expenses exceed revenues.
The expenditure side of the budget is of particular interest, since the amount of financing of transport infrastructure, social security, education, healthcare, etc. depends on its volume.
The economic opportunities of each region are different. Commodity regions and capitals have better position. Moscow leads among all the territories of Russia in terms of funding: the budget expenditures in 2020 will be a record 3,150 billion RUB, having increased by 15% in comparison with the 2019 budget (see Table 1).
Large amounts of funding bring results. Moscow is noticeably transforming: transport, the urban environment, and road infrastructure are booming. The main source of financial well-being of the capital is taxes: 41% of the total income is generated by personal income tax (PIT), and another 35% comes from corporate income tax.
Saint Petersburg is the second by budget expenditure. In 2020, it is planned to spend 728 billion RUB, which is by 9% more than in 2019.
The Jewish Autonomous Region has the lowest expenditure budget among 85 subjects: 11,8 billion RUB, which is 267 times less than in Moscow.
Saint Petersburg’s budget is 4,3 times lower than the Moscow’s one. Based on a different population size, it is more correct to compare the economic opportunities of each region by dividing the expenditure budget by the number of inhabitants: budget expenditures per capita in Moscow in 2020 will amount to 250 thousand RUB per capita, and it will amount to 135 thousand RUB per capita in Saint Petersburg. Thus, it will be spent 1,9 times more per capita in Moscow than in St. Petersburg.
In Chukotka autonomous district, budget expenditures per capita increased to 810 thousand rubles, which is the countrywide maximum. The minimum indicator of 44 thousand RUB is recorded in Volgograd region, and it is 18 times less than that of the leader.
The numbers show that the problem of regional inequality persists. At the same time, with the exception of several leading regions, most of the territories have comparable economic opportunities. This is shown in the Table 1: budget expenditures is recorded up to 300 billion RUB for almost all subjects of Russia, and the volume of budget expenditures per capita is up to 140 thousand RUB.
|Rank||Subject of Russia||Budget expenditures, billion RUB||Per capita, thousand RUB|
|6||Republic of Tatarstan||273,2||70|
|8||Khanty-Mansi autonomous district-Yugra||249,0||150|
|9||Yamal-Nenets autonomous district||244,5||452|
|10||Republic of Bashkortostan||226,6||56|
|12||Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)||208,4||216|
|15||Nizhniy Novgorod region||194,6||61|
|17||Republic of Crimea||185,2||97|
|20||Kemerovo region - Kuzbass||171,3||64|
|25||Republic of Dagestan||138,6||45|
|37||Republic of Komi||93,4||113|
|43||Republic of Udmurtia||77,6||52|
|47||Republic of Buryatia||76,1||77|
|60||Republic of Karelia||60,3||98|
|61||Republic of Chuvashia||55,4||45|
|67||Republic of Mordovia||40,8||51|
|68||Chukotka autonomous district||40,3||881|
|69||Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria||39,4||45|
|72||Republic of Khakassia||37,7||70|
|75||Republic of Mari El||35,4||52|
|77||Republic of North Ossetia-Alania||34,0||49|
|78||Republic of Tyva||33,3||103|
|79||Republic of Ingushetia||28,6||57|
|80||Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia||26,2||56|
|81||Republic of Adygea||25,6||56|
|82||Republic of Altai||21,7||99|
|83||Nenets autonomous district||19,4||443|
|84||Republic of Kalmykia||16,3||60|
|85||Jewish autonomous district||11,8||74|
From 1st to 31st of October 2020 the National Census will be carried out in Russia.
By the Decree of the Government of Russia as of 07.12.2019 №1608, the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) is entrusted with methodological support, planning and carrying of the census, processing of received data, summing up and official disclosure, storage of census forms and other materials.
The Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastral Records and Cartography is entrusted with providing of cartographical documents contained in the Federal fund of spatial data.
Besides, according to the Decree, responsibilities of other ministries are defined:
- проведением переписи среди военнослужащих, дипломатов, осужденных, а также граждан, проживающих на территории г. Байконура;
- обеспечением безопасности лиц, осуществляющих сбор сведений;
- обеспечением сохранности переписных листов;
- использованием инфраструктуры технологического взаимодействия информационных систем для сбора сведений в электронной форме.
In long distance and hard access territories with difficult transport communication from 1st to 31st of October, Census will be carried out from April, 1 to December, 20.
Interim results of the census will be taken on April 2021, and final results will be published in the 4th quarter of 2022.
Previous national censuses were carried out in Russia in 2002 and 2010. In 2014 census was carried out in the Crimea federal district. In 2015 sociodemographic survey or microcensus was carried out. In 2018 pilot census was made. In 2006 and 2016 National agricultural censuses were carried out.