Net assets of companies in liquidation

Analysis of net assets makes it possible to assess financial condition of a company, its solvency level and risk of bankruptcy in case of insufficient property. In this case, the authorized capital should be reduced to the size of net assets. If, at the same time, the authorized capital turns out to be less than that established by the law, then this will be a reason for liquidation of the enterprise. However, this rule does not always work. There can be many other reasons.

For this ranking Information agency Credinform selected the largest companies in terms of annual revenue for the last reporting periods available in the state statistics bodies and the Federal Tax Service (2018 - 2020) using Globas. As of 01.12.2021 a decision was made on the forthcoming striking-off of inactive legal entities from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities in respect of these companies (TOP 10). In total, there are over 30 thousand of such companies, but only 59 of them had revenue in 2020. Unsatisfactory Globas Solvency Index is assigned to companies with forthcoming striking-off. The selected companies were further ranked by net assets value (Table 1).

Net assets value is an indicator reflecting the real value of the company's property, calculated annually as the difference between assets on the balance sheet and debt obligations.

Indicator of net assets is negative (insufficient property) if the company's debt exceeds the value of its property. There are no recommended values for this indicator.

It is necessary to pay attention to the entire set of indicators and financial ratios to get the most complete and fair presentation of enterprise's financial condition.

Table 1. Net profit, revenue, net asset value, authorized capital of companies to be removed from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities (TOP 10)
Name, INN, region, type of activity Revenue, million RUB Net profit (loss), million RUB Net asset value, million RUB Authorized capital, thousand RUB
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
INN 6501175348 Sakhalin Region
Construction of residential and non-residential buildings,
data on CEO is false according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
down7,8 down0,4 down4,1 down-0,1 up16,5 down16,4 10
INN 7734001829 Moscow
Other entertainment activities
down40,7 up40,7 up2,3 up2,3 up9,0 down8,9 10
INN 7721808534 Moscow
Construction of highways and motorways,
false record of legal address according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
up83,1 down15,7 down0,9 down-1,1 up3,5 down2,4 11
INN 7422026465 Chelyabinsk Region
Wholesale of dairy products
down40,2 up100,3 down0,0 up1,2 down1,1 up2,3 10
INN 8601043300 Khanti-Mansiysky Autonomous Region - Yugra
Non-specialized wholesale trade,
false record of legal address according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
down5,6 up72,2 up0,1 up0,6 up0,3 up0,6 10
INN 7736189929 Moscow
Provision of services for assessing the vulnerability of transport infrastructure and vehicles,
false record of legal address according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
down0,3 up0,3 down-0,1 up-0,1 down0,3 up0,3 8
INN 0104010684 Adygea Republic
Retail trade in non-specialized stores,
false record of legal address according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
down2,0 down0,5 up0,0 down0,0 down0,1 down0,0 0
INN 6923005383 Tver Region
Production of workwear
down0,4 down0,1 down0,0 down0,0 up0,0 down0,0 102
INN 1831171208 Udmurt Republic
Retail sale of hardware, paint, varnish materials and glass in specialized stores
down9,2 down7,5 down-0,5 down-0,5 down-0,3 down-0,9 10
INN 2312267814 Krasnodar Territory
Wholesale of other machinery and equipment,
false record of legal address according to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service
up5,0 down0,9 down-3,3 up0,0 down-1,7 up-1,6 10
TOP 10 average value down19,4 up23,9 down0,3 down0,2 up2,9 down2,8  

вверх indicator improvement for the previous period, вниз indicator deterioration for the previous period

In 2019-2020, two companies from the TOP 10 had insufficient assets. Six companies had negative dynamics of net assets value in 2020, while there were five such companies in 2019.

Net assets values can serve as the reason for liquidation only for three of the companies stated in the bottom lines of the ranking. According to the results of the inspection by the Federal Tax Service, six companies have false records of legal address or CEO.

Compared to the previous period in 2020 four companies increased their revenue and/or five companies increased their net profit. At the same time, the average revenue in the TOP 10 increased by 23%. However, the decrease in average profit was 33%, and in the value of net assets - by 3%.

Changes in legislation

The Bank of Russia has started testing the centralized information service Know Your Customer. According to the developers, this will enable banks to reduce the cost of analyzing clients' activities in terms of meeting the requirements of the Federal Law No. 115-FL dated 07.08.2001 "On Countering the Legalization (Laundering) of Criminally Obtained Incomes and the Financing of Terrorism" and focus on high-risk transactions.

What is referred to here are the operations of organizations that do not conduct real economic activities, registered to front parties and controlled by third unfair parties.

According to the Central Bank estimates, the share of clients with a low level of risk is 99% of the total number of economic entities, and the share of clients with a high level of risk does not exceed 0,7%.

Information on the referring the clients to specific risk groups will be sent to banks on a daily basis through personal accounts on the official website of the Central Bank. Data on high risks will be accompanied by additional information on their typology. Banks, for their part, will determine how to use this information in their operating systems.

Further, the accounts of companies with a high level of risk will be blocked, and information thereof will be sent to the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation for removal from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities. In the future, such kind of measures may affect about 50 thousand economic entities.

In order to restraint the possibilities for the CEOs and shareholders of legal entities removed from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities to re-establish shell companies, a bill was introduced to the State Duma on November 16, according to which a three-year ban on the registration of such persons as shareholders may be introduced. Accordingly, it is also proposed to limit the entry of information about them into the Unified State Register of Legal Entities.