State information system for monitoring the turnover of goods
The Law «On the basis of state regulation of trade activities in the Russian Federation» and the Articles 4.4 and 4.5 of the Law «On use of the control and cash equipment when implementing calculations in the Russian Federation» were amended by the Federal Law of December 25, 2018 No. 488-FZ to provide the creation and operation of a State information system for monitoring the turnover of goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification.
The main aims of the system are:
- goods turnover data automation;
- information storage and provision of access to the data;
- improvement of data exchange efficiency;
- ensuring of traceable movement of goods.
The system for monitoring contains the following mandatory data:
- goods and participants of the goods turnover;
- means of identification of goods;
- technical means, used by participants for data exchange with the system for monitoring;
- violations of mandatory marking requirements, identified by consumers.
The subsidiary of Advanced Technology Development Center - LLC OPERATOR-TSRPT, is the system operator in accordance with the Executive Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 620-r of April 3, 2019.
The Law sets that the data contained in the system for monitoring is the data with restricted access. The access is provided by the system operator in accordance with the Executive Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1955 of December 31, 2019.
In particular, the following public information published on official web-site of the system for monitoring is available for internet users: on manufacturer, ingredients and expire date of goods, reports of violations.
The participants of the goods turnover are provided with the access to the public information and data on transactions with the goods made by these participants.
Besides that, the manufacturers registered in the system are provided with the access to data on turnover of goods produced by these manufacturers, in particular, data on proprietors and amount of goods.
In addition to public information, the Federal Authorities received the access to statistical information and data on participants of the goods turnover, goods and turnover.
The following goods are currently registered and monitored: tobacco products, fur goods, shoes, drugs, cameras (except film cameras), flashlights and flash lamps, tires and tyres, clothes and linen, perfumes and eau de toilette.
The pilot project on marking of wheel chairs for disabled people is in effect from September 01, 2019 to June 01, 2021. The pilot project on marking and monitoring of bicycles and bicycle frames is in effect from September 16, 2019 to May 31, 2020.
The turnover of unmarked goods will be forbidden since January 01, 2021. Unsold leftover stock must be marked by the participants till February 01, 2021.
According to the Article 15.12 of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation, a fine from 5 to 10 thousand RUB is imposed for private entrepreneurs for production, transportation and sale of unmarked goods, from 50 to 300 thousand RUB – for legal persons. All unmarked goods are subject to confiscation.
Criminal liability in the form of imprisonment of up to 3 years and a fine of 80 thousand RUB is prescribed in case the sum of unmarked goods is more than 1,5 million RUB.