The Government of the RF has adopted a new Corporate governance code, the previous code of the year 2001 is played-out, that was noticed in the expert community long ago.
A lot of attention is paid in new rules to compensation policy of top-management. It is necessary to set a limit on so called «golden parachutes» to reasonable, especially in companies, where the main shareholder is the state. As an example - financial compensation in the sum of 230 mln RUB, which was got by the former Head of «Rostelekom» Alexander Provotorov by the dismissal, who had been working as General director only for three years, what became a record in the domestic practice of such payments. The Code introduces fixed severance payments, but not higher than two annual earnings; besides that, annual compensations themselves should be fixed depending on the extent of duties or complexity of work in progress.
The Code’s recommendations will be necessary to be taken into account by enterprises, whose securities are listed on the Exchange. A number of requirements is introduced for organizations, which have pretentions to a high level of listing of their securities, including to the amount of independent board directors - there should be not less than two in the company management. Public companies should become an example for all entrepreneurship of the country.
The document in whole was accepted positively in «high street», however, it has a substantial defect – it is of recommended character and cannot be perceived as call to action. Taking it into account, the Government of the RF has suggested the beginning of the introduction of corporate rules with state-owned companies, and all others, in theory, should follow them. But in all certainty it is arguable that the introduction of this Code will require a long time and positive practice in real market conditions.
Information agency Credinform prepared a ranking «Debt/equity ratio of companies engaged in software development and consulting in this field». The companies with highest volume of revenue were selected for this ranking according to data from the Statistical Register for the latest available period (for the year 2012). Then, the first 10 enterprises selected by turnover were ranked by increase in debt/equity ratio.
Mentioned indicator – debt/equity ratio – belongs to the group of financial stability indexes. Indicators of this group are interesting first of all for long-term credits, because they characterize the firm's ability to satisfy its long-term obligations. So that, the debt/equity ratio is calculated as the relation of total borrowed funds to amount of internal capital and shows how many units of borrowed funds were added by an enterprise to each unit of its own funding sources.
Recommended value of the considered indicator is less than 1. At the same time, the debt/equity ratio cannot be negative, that’s why its value within the interval from 0 to 1 is one of indicators of high ability of a company to repay its liabilities.
|№||Name, INN||Region||Turnover for 2012 in mln RUB||Debt/equity ratio, (х)||Solvency index GLOBAS-i®|
|1||SAP SNG LLC
|Moscow||16 315||1,23||230 (high)|
|Moscow||10 062||1,84||232 (high)|
|3||EDVANSED TRANSFORMEISHN KONSALTING LLC
|4||Maikrosoft Rus LLC
|5||KROK INKORPOREITED CJSC
|Moscow||29 187||3,76||207 (high)|
|6||OTKRYTYE TEHNOLOGII 98 CJSC
|Moscow||6252||5,2||197 (the highest)|
|7||OTRASLEVOI TSENTR VNEDRENIYA NOVOI TEHNIKI I TEHNOLOGY CJSC
|Moscow||10 318||8,09||180 (the highest)|
|Yaroslavl region||57 975||22,97||276 (high)|
|Moscow||11 376||55,44||200 (high)|
|10||GAZPROM INFORM LLC
Analysis of results of 10 the largest software engineers showed that none of companies doesn’t meet recommended standards on the debt/equity ratio, because the indicator value is above 1, what testifies that companies misappropriate borrowed funds. Although all companies got a high and the highest solvency index GLOBAS-i®, that characterizes them as financially stable.
Debt/equity ratio of the largest on turnover companies engaged in software development and consulting in this field, TOP-10
The best result was presented by the company SAP SNG LLC, having the lowest deviation from recommended values. Moreover, the enterprise is the 3rd in the branch on the turnover. In support of good results the company got a high solvency index GLOBAS-i®.
The enterprise with the highest turnover in the branch at year-end 2012 – KROK INKORPOREITED CJSC – is only on the 5th place in the ranking list, with the value of the debt/equity ratio being three times over the upper limit of the standard. Such result testifies to significant exceedence of credit resources over own capital of organization. However, the company got a high solvency index GLOBAS-i®.
In summary, it should be noted, that for the objective assessment of a company it should be considered not only recommended values of those or other indicators, but also of industry-average indicators. So that, the activity in the sphere of information technologies (IT) is science-intensive and requires significant material costs, this particular explains such high values of the debt/equity ratio by the analyzed enterprises.