On May 14-15, 2017 Beijing (China) hosted “One belt – one road” international forum. 130 countries participated in the event, 30 of them were presented by the heads, including the President of the RF. Representatives of Asian countries, two representative from Latin America and Africa, and one from Micronesian state (Fiji) were also took part.
The Forum was dedicated to the development of Chinese initiative of “The New Silk Road” which was came up in 2013. The idea of the initiative is to create “Silk Road Economic Belt” (SREB) and “21-century Maritime Silk Road” (MSR). As a result, trade corridor of direct supplies on easy terms from the East to West has to be created. Currently the idea is renamed as “One belt – one road”.
Three roads are to be included in the Belt: north (China-Mongolia-Russia), central (China-Central Asia-West Asia) and south (Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar, China-Pakistan). It is planned to create high-speed railroad lines and relevant infrastructure. Except for the MSR, it is possible that “North Maritime Road” will also be used in prospect. Over 100 states joined the project since autumn of 2013 and began take part in its execution.
According to Chinese head, it has already been possible to conduct coordination with some EAEU projects through contacts with Russia, Kazakhstan’s “Light Way”, Mongolia’s “Way of development”, “Central corridor” (Turkey, ASEAN members), Vietnam's "Two Corridors and One Circle", English strategy “NorthernPowerhouse”, Polish “Amber road” and other projects.
Currently there is still the deliquescence of “One belt – one road” ideas. Due to inclusion of all other foreign-policy initiatives of China, its nature lacks definition and is in course of formation. That is why the Forum also pursued other aims: coordination of development strategies of states and specific formats of cooperation, joining the transport routes of the participating countries, developing mutual trade, creating financial stability systems in Asia and developing inter-human contacts.
The opinions on the evaluation of the Forum results were diverse. The President of Russia gave positive summing up and said that the concept of multilateral cooperation of members of the European Economic Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Association of Southeast Asian Nations is promising. Cooperation of the countries will allow creating a system, regulating bilateral and international agreements, simplifying customs, control standards, intellectual property, sectoral forms of investment and cooperation, creating a fundamentally new transport configuration of the Eurasian continent.
In general, the Russian experts negatively assess the results. Although the RF President was the most honorable guest at the Forum, Russia has not received significant benefits from the Chinese initiative yet, since China has responded to none of the 40 transport projects proposed by the RF Government and Eurasian Economic Commission. There are fears that China can edge Russia out with its project and steal thunder in the post-Soviet space, in the countries of the Persian region and South-East Asia, despite of announce about equal partnership and mutually beneficial cooperation.
For Russia, the Forum was more interesting not from the economic, but from the political point of view, since “One belt - one way” formally represents the formation of an alternative geostrategic reality. Therefore, the Chinese Forum is a return of “political debts” and way to strengthen the position of the Eurasian Economic Union in the face of growing Chinese power. The Russian interest in the Asian region is also stems from the fact that if earlier foreign investors were interested in a growing national market, now to enter the markets of the Asia-Pacific region the cooperation with investors from other countries is necessary.
Information Agency Credinform Credinform has prepared the ranking of the largest Russian advertising agencies. The largest enterprises (TOP-10 and TOP-500) in terms of annual revenue were selected according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (2015 and 2014). Then the companies were ranged by 2015 current liquidity ratio (Table 1).
Current liquidity ratio (х) is a ratio of total working capital to short-term liabilities. The ratio shows the sufficiency of company’s assets to meet short-term obligations.
The recommended value is from 1,0 to 2,0. The ratio value less than 1 indicates about the excess of short-term liabilities over current working capital.
The calculation of practical values of financial indicators, which might be considered as normal for a certain industry, has been developed and implemented in the Information and Analytical system Globas®, by the experts of Information Agency Credinform Credinform taking into account the actual situation of the economy as a whole and the industries. The practical value of current liquidity ratio for advertising agencies is from 1,00 to 3,19.
For the most full and fair opinion about company’s financial position the whole set of financial indicators and ratios should be taken into account.
|Name, INN, region, date of foundation||2015 net profit||2015 revenue,||2015/2014 revenue, %||Current liquidity||Solvency index Globas®|
|LLC GALLERY SERVICE INN 7714564333 Moscow 10.08.2004||-726,6||4 287,7||-20,9||7,75||302 Satisfactory|
|LLC GAZPROM-MEDIA INN 7728665444 Moscow 17.07.2008||1 371,4||3 671,8||-15,9||2,92||231 High|
|LLC RUSS OUTDOOR INN 7731196087 Moscow region 03.11.1995||-744,4||5 436,8||-4,9||2,03||297 High|
|LLC POSTERSCOPE INN 7701573387 Moscow 20.12.2004||144,4||3 531,1||21,8||1,77||254 High|
|LLC Dentsu Aegis CS INN 7709583813 Moscow 17.12.2004||400,3||15 818,7||-15,5||1,58||290 High|
|LLC KEH ECOMMERCE INN 7710668349 Moscow 27.03.2007||3 116,3||6 662,4||55,6||1,34||204 High|
|LLC PUBLICIS GROUPE MEDIA EURASIA INN 7743068844 Moscow 10.01.2003||279,0||3 620,1||31,2||1,34||229 High|
|NAO CODE OF TRADE INN 7710601954 Moscow 05.10.2005||785,8||4 061,9||277,8||1,18||212 High|
|LLC BRIGHTMEDIA INN 7707600213 Moscow 07.09.2006||123,7||3 497,5||12,8||1,13||259 High|
|LLC PRO MEDIA ADVERTISING AGENCY INN 7701320731 Moscow 26.12.2002||6,4||11 256,9||189,7||1,05||210 High|
|Total for TOP-10 group of companies||4 756,2||61 845,0|
|Total for TOP-500 group of companies||14 026,8||326 492,1|
|Average value within TOP-10 group of companies||475,6||6 184,5||18,4||2,21|
|Average value within TOP-500 group of companies||140,3||3 264,9||27,4||0,30|
|Industry average value||1,2||24,3||-15,3||1,30|
In 2015, the average value of current liquidity ratio within TOP-10 and TOP-500 groups of companies is not within recommended values. However, the ratio in TOP-10 group is within practical values (green, yellow and red color in Table 1 and Picture 1 accordingly).
In 2015 total revenue of 10 largest companies amounted to 19% from TOP-500 total revenue. This fact testifies the high level of competition within industry. Thus, total revenue of the largest company within industry LLC Dentsu Aegis CS amounted only to 5% from TOP-500 total revenue (Picture 2).
Nine companies from TOP-10 list have high solvency index Globas®, this fact shows the ability of the companies to meet their obligations in time and fully.
LLC GALLERY SERVICE has satisfactory solvency index Globas® due to due to participation as a defendant in debt collection arbitration proceedings and cases of untimely fulfillment of their obligations and unclosed enforcement lists. The forecast for index development is stable.
In 2015, seven companies from TOP-10 have decrease in revenue and net profit in comparison with previous period (red color in Table 1).
In 2014, the TOP-500 list included 41 loss-making companies and in 2015, the number decreased to 33. Meanwhile, their average loss increased more than twice. The average profit of other companies from TOP-500 list decreased by 9,6% for the same period (Picture 3).
The industry average values of current liquidity ratio (Picture 4) are within recommended values, with the exception of 2006.
In general, the industry ratios in monetary terms have positive dynamic with values exceeding macroeconomic indicators for the economy as a whole; this testifies the data from the Federal State Statistics Service (Picture 5).
From 1991 to 2014 the increasing interest in advertising market is observed. This fact is confirmed by data from the Information and Analytical system Globas®, according to which 26% of companies from TOP-500 list in terms of 2015 revenue were founded in 2013 and 2014 (Picture 6).
Advertising agencies are unequally distributed across the country. The maximum concentration is observed in Moscow - the largest financial center of the country. This fact is confirmed by data from the Information and Analytical system Globas®, according to which 500 largest companies in terms of 2015 revenue are registered in 30 Russian regions (Picture 7).