Terms of use of public information put online in the form of open data

On September 19, 2016 the Government Commission for the Coordination of open government activities approved new Typical conditions for the use of public information put in the information and telecommunication network Internet in the form of open data.

According to the document, open data is the information put online by its owners in order to re-use and in a format suitable for automated processing without any interim changes in the manual mode.

In accordance with the p. 2.1 of the Art. 7 of the Federal Law №8-FZ «On providing access to information about the activities of state bodies and local self-government» dated February 9, 2009 public and local authorities put on the Internet public information on their activities in the form of open data for the use by the general public. There are no restrictions on use in regard to such information and it requires no special agreements or licenses.

In addition, governmental bodies, that put public data on the Internet, should ensure their reliability, actuality and general availability. Open data should not apply to information classified as state secret, and their use should not violate the rights of third parties.

Users can not be limited to the right to use open data for commercial and non-commercial purposes and are free to search, receive, transmit and distribute open data. However, users are obliged to operate with open data exclusively for purposes not being contrary to the legislation, and also refer to source of open data.

At the present time the backbone element of country's open data is the Portal of open data of the Russian Federation. The operator of the Portal is the Ministry of Economic Development. The portal is focused on actual information about open data of the federal authorities, bodies of regional and local authorities and other organizations. Among this information are: documented data sets, links and meta data sets, information about software products and information services founded on the basis of published data. As of December 2, 2016 the portal contained 11176 sets of open data. However, their number continues to increase due to regional authorities. Only in the third quarter of 2016 16 regions placed their open data for the first time. The demand for data, which are used in the development of new services created for the population and business, continues to grow. The amount of downloads of data sets has increased by 1,4 times compared to the first quarter of 2016. According to the number of published data sets the leaders are Tomsk, Novgorod, Tula, Yaroslavl and Amur regions. From federal agencies, based on the results of third quarter of 2016, among the leaders are the Department of Energy, Economic Development, Culture, the Federal Tax Service and the Federal Air Transport Agency.

Foreign experience shows that open data allow all interested developers to create services in the Internet, and the state - to stimulate the development of modern IT-business and improve instruments of public control over the activity of the supervisory authorities as one of the most important directions of improvement of the business climate in general.

The information and analytical system Globas-i, intended for bundled information and analytical support of business uses more than 100 official sources of information, including also open data.

Return on sales of the largest Russian companies engaged in the building materials trade

Information agency Credinform offers the ranking on the return on sales of the largest Russian companies engaged in the building materials trade.

The largest Russian enterprises (TOP-10), working it the market of building materials trade, were selected on the volume of revenue for the ranking, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available period - for 2015. Then they were ranked by decrease in return on sales ratio.

Return on sales (%) is calculated as the share of operating profit in the company's sales volume. The return on sales ratio characterizes the efficiency of industrial and commercial activity of an enterprise and shows how much money remains by an enterprise in the result of the sale of products after covering its costs, payment of taxes and loans interest’s expense.

Return on sales is an indicator of the efficiency of company’s pricing policy and its ability to control costs. The differences in competitive strategies and product lines cause significant variety of return on sales values in companies of the same industry. That is why it should be noted that at equal values of revenues, operating expenses and pre-tax profit in two different organizations the return on sales can vary greatly under the influence of the volume of interest payments on the net profit margin.

For getting of the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention to all available combination of ratios, financial and other indicators.

Table 1. Net profit, revenue, return on sales and solvency index Globas-i of the largest companies engaged in the building materials trade (TOP-10)
Name, INN, regionNet profit for 2015, mln RUBRevenue for 2015, mln RUBRevenue for 2015 by 2014, (growth/ reduction), %Return on sales, %Solvency index Globas-i
INN 7728865059 Moscow
4 310,9 10 404,1 150,0 41,44 196
The highest
INN 5047103554 Moscow region
552,9 7 858,1 -7,7 21,15 229
INN 5012022008 Moscow region
271,0 6 785,3 28,4 6,30 180
The highest
INN 7802348846 Saint-Petersburg
1 093,5 23 394,3 17,2 4,70 190
The highest
INN 7810024468 Leningrad region
39,6 7 270,2 - (*) 4,62 550
INN 7714916151 Moscow
210,2 8 323,4 36,6 4,57 234
INN 2315171300 Moscow
21,8 9 240,1 13,8 2,40 264
INN 7704602692 Moscow
27,1 4 670,7 -11,2 2,34 246
INN 3811066336 Irkutsk region
47,1 4 323,2 -35,2 1,76 261
INN 7710452533 Moscow
13,9 6 157,8 3,0 0,37 252

(*) – calculation of the relation of revenue of STROIFORMAT LLC for 2014 – 2015 is not given due to the lack of company’s financial statement for 2014 in the state statistics authorities

The average value of the return on sales ratio in the group of TOP-10 companies amounted to 8,97 in 2015. The same indicator in the group of the TOP-100 companies was 4,7, by the industry average value of 5,09.

Nine companies from the TOP-10 got the highest and high solvency index Globas-i, that points to their ability to repay their debts in time and fully.

STROIFORMAT LLC got unsatisfactory solvency index Globas-i, due to the claim for recognition of the company bankrupt submitted in June 2016 and for the participation as a defendant in arbitration court proceedings in terms of debt collection.

Return on sales ratio and revenue of the largest companies engaged in the building materials trade (TOP-10)
Picture 1. Return on sales ratio and revenue of the largest companies engaged in the building materials trade (TOP-10)

The total revenue of the TOP-10 enterprises amounted to 88,4 bln RUB in 2015, that is by 16% more than in 2014 on the comparable range of companies. At the same time, the total net profit in the same group increased more than 3 times. Three organizations from the TOP-10 (highlighted in red in Table 1) allowed a decrease in the value of net profit and (or) in revenue in 2015 compared with the previous period.

In the group of the TOP-100 enterprises an increase in the total revenue for the same period amounted to 41% on the comparable range of companies, by an increase in total net income by 13%.

There are positive values of the return on sales ratio observed by all TOP-10 companies, as well as in industry in general. It points to a relatively high efficiency of work of the industry. However, there has been a trend towards a slowdown in growth in the industry in recent years, as evidenced by the calculated figures (Picture 2) on the basis of the data of the Federal State Statistics Service.

Increase / decrease of the sales proceeds (nett) from year to year (net of value added tax, excise tax and other similar obligatory payments), %

(*) forecast for 2016 is calculated based on the average rate of growth (decline) for 2014-2015 and for 6 months 2015-2016

Picture 2. Increase / decrease of the sales proceeds (nett) from year to year (net of value added tax, excise tax and other similar obligatory payments), %

As the graph shows, the sales proceeds in the given types of trade are largely dependent on the macroeconomic environment. At the same time, according to the same data of Rosstat, there is a significant increase in sales proceeds observed from 2006 till 2015. Thus, Thus, in the wholesale of wood, construction materials and sanitary equipment, paints and varnishes, flat glass and other building materials - the growth rate is 3 times. In the wholesale of other construction materials - an increase of 2,3 times, and in the retail trade with building materials - an increase of 1,5 times.

Companies engaged in the building materials trade largely tend to the major cities - Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. This is confirmed by the Information and analytical system Globas-i, according to which 100 the largest enterprises engaged in the building materials in terms of revenue for 2015 are concentrated in 23 regions of Russia.

Distribution by regions of the largest companies engaged in the building materials trade, the number of companies
Picture 3. Distribution by regions of the largest companies engaged in the building materials trade, the number of companies