On May 19-20, 2016 the Russia-ASEAN summit took place in Sochi. It should be emphasized that the current year became the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Russia-ASEAN Dialogue. The leaders of all the ASEAN countries came to the summit because of this fact and the importance of problems submitted for discussion, with the exception of the Philippines. During this event, the President of the RF met each of them, thus underscoring the importance of the cooperation between Russia and the ASEAN and the summit held.
Russia's turnover with the ASEAN countries amounted to 13,7 bln USD in 2015, the volume of mutual investments - 11 bln. Russia's cooperation with the ASEAN has positive results. For example, companies of Brunei and Singapore invest in the innovation sphere of Russia, of Vietnam - in oil and gas recovery, of Thailand - in the agricultural sector. The Russian business diversifies into the civilian nuclear industry in Vietnam, in plans - Laos, in mining operations - in Indonesia and Myanmar, in high technologies - in Malaysia.
The summit agenda was intense and dedicated to a wide range of issues. Among them the most important were:
- improving of the regional security architecture;
- search for new ways to counter the growing threats of international terrorism, extremism, crime;
- disclosure of the economic potential of relationship;
- growing the sales volume and mutual investment;
- expansion of cooperation in energy, transport and infrastructure, agriculture, science and technologies;
- establishment of diversified contacts between EAEC, ASEAN and SCO.
During the negotiations of the delegations with the Russian leadership it was the intention in view on the part of partners to speed up the establishment of connections in trading, tourism, culture, military-technical cooperation. Such interest to Russia is due to the fact that under the influence of sanctions other sectors have begun to develop in the country with "oil" economy, which are of interest to members of the ASEAN. As a result, the mutual investment and turnover have increased.
The Summit identified new growth areas: high-tech was added to the energy industry, innovations, including in the military sphere, agriculture, sectorial science, culture and education. By the end of the event Russia offered a «roadmap», enshrining a new stage of development in the relations between Russia and the ASEAN and contributing to the further growth. It is 3-5 years long and is a comprehensive cooperation program covering all aspects of the relationship: 57 projects aimed at the formation of joint technological and innovative alliances. By this the Asian partners continue to make adjustments to it.
A key outcome of the summit the analysts believe the course that was set by the participants for «conjugation» of the integration of the ASEAN with the same processes in the EAEC and SCO. Certainly, this will result in the study of existing tariffs, standards, rules of the game, but also the perspective seems very important – it is a free trade between countries, being a part of these organizations.
Against the background of the effectiveness of the economic aspects it should be mentioned also the political factor. Practically the history does not remember such examples, when almost all the leaders of the participating countries come to the summit to one of their partners. Holding of the summit in Sochi demolishes once again the view of the USA and the West about Russia's isolation. In Asia they understand that US policy is leading to a split within the ASEAN. And the countries of Southeast Asia, on the contrary, are interested in keeping «balance», which resulted in that none of the countries should dominate in the region. Therefore, they try to cooperate as well with the USA, as with China, as with Russia. It is not excluded that the idea of the partnership of EAEC, SCO and ASEAN may well become more attractive than the Transatlantic Pacific Partnership.
* ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian Nations
EAEC – Eurasian Economic Union
SCO – Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Information agency Credinform offers the ranking of the largest food retail chains of Russia.
The largest enterprises of the retail sales of food products were selected on the highest volume of annual revenue for the ranking for the latest period available in the State statistics authorities (for the year 2014). The TOP-10 of the largest companies was ranked by decrease in the return on sales ratio. (Table 1).
Return on sales (%) is the share of operating profit in company's sales volume. The return on sales ratio reflects the efficiency of industrial and commercial activity of an enterprise and shows, how much money remains with the company as a result of the sale of products after covering its costs, interest payments on loans and discharge of taxes.
Return on sales is an indicator of company’s price policy and its ability to control outlays. The differences in the competitive strategies and product ranges cause a significant variety of return on sales values in companies. Therefore, it should be taken into account that the return on sales of two companies can differ a lot at the equal values of revenue, operating expenses and pre-tax profit under the influence of volumes of interest payments on the net profit margin.
|Name, Trademark, INN, Region||Net profit for 2014, mln RUB||Net profit for 2014, to 2013, %||Revenue for, 2014, mln RUB||Revenue for 2014, to 2013, %||Return on sales, %||Solvency index Globas-i®|
|AUCHAN LLC (© АШАН)
|11 934||109||313 629||117||4,93||219 high|
|AGROTORG LLC (© Пятёрочка, Перекресток, Карусель)
|1 089||64||116 042||122||3,80||250 high|
|TANDER NAO (© Сеть "Магнит")
|38 151||130||830 320||132||2,21||212 high|
|TORGOVY DOM PEREKRESTOK NAO (© Перекресток)
|8 760||115||583 105||124||1,29||222 high|
|ELEMENT-TREID LLC (© ТС "Монетка")
|1 180||100||57 854||119||0,99||218 high|
|DIKSI YUG NAO (© Дикси)
|1 675||649||198 420||163||0,92||225 high|
|LENTA LLC (© ЛЕНТА)
|6 157||92||220 338||136||0,91||238 high|
|ATAK LLC (© ATAK)
|1 388||107||58 023||129||0,83||220 high|
|TD INTERTORG LLC (© "Народная 7Я семьЯ", "идеЯ", "SPAR")
|101||61||55 897||133||0,09||216 high|
|О’КЕY LLC (© О’КЕY Group)
|5 993||172||158 905||109||-0,71||219 high|
NAO TANDER, the leader of the industry in term of the annual revenue, shows the return on sales of 2,21% and takes the third place of the ranking.
The average return on sales of the largest enterprises of the retail sales of food products (TOP-10) amounted to 1,52% at year-end 2014, by the industry average value of 2,36%. AUCHAN LLC and AGROTORG LLC, taking the first two places of the ranking, have the return on sales value of 4,93% and 3,80% respectively.
О’КЕY LLC demonstrates a negative value of the return on sales. It testifies that the production cost is higher than the profit from its sale, the price isn’t high enough to cover all costs, and own assets of the company are used inefficiently.
All companies of the TOP-10 finished the year 2014 with a positive trend in revenue and with profit. However, three companies have a decrease in the net profit compared to the previous period.
All companies of the TOP-10 got a high solvency index Globas-i, that points to their ability to pay off their debts in time and fully, while risk of default is minimal.
Picture 1. Revenue and return on sales of the largest food retailers (TOP-10)
The annual revenue of the companies from the TOP-10 list amounted to 2,59 trillion rubles at the year-end 2014, that is higher by 28% than the consolidated figure in 2013. The indicators of net profit of these enterprises show also a positive dynamics. Thus, the total net profit of the TOP-10 companies, which amounted to 76,4 billion rubles in 2014, increased by 60% compared with the previous year.
Retail trade has been one of the drivers of the economic growth for a long time. In the current complicated economic conditions, in spite of the increased inflation and the decline in effective demand, the industry as a whole continues to show a positive dynamics with a gradual decline in growth rates. This is confirmed by the data of Rosstat on the turnover of retail trade of food, including beverages and tobacco products nationwide (Picture 2, 3).
A steady growth of retail trade turnover of food products is observed on the diagram, which wasn’t significantly impacted by crisis developments in the economy in 2008 – 2009 and 2014 – 2015.
Picture 3. Growth rates of the retail trade turnover of food, including beverages and tobacco products (from year to year since 2007, %%)
Growth rates of the retail trade turnover of food demonstrate varying indicators from year to year, with a gradual decline starting on 2013. The quarterly analysis shows a similar tendency. In the 1st quarter of 2016 the growth rate was of 4% compared with the same period in 2015.
The retail chain stores are characterized by a high concentration of companies in Moscow and in large industrial centers of the country with the most solvent people. This is confirmed by the data of the Information and analytical system Globas-i on the distribution of 100 the largest companies on revenue in the industry registered across the regions (TOP-12 Regions):
|Region||Number of companies|
|5.||Nizhny Novgorod region||4|
|6.||The Republic of Bashkortostan||4|
|10.||The Republic of Tatarstan||3|