Most of Russians work long and inefficiently
According to latest discoveries: in spite of hard-working nature, labor productivity of Russians is catastrophically low. The price that the business pays for it is evident: low profitability and lost profit. What steps will help change the trend that hinders the growth of the domestic economy?
Russian paradox. The recent results of an investigation of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) find out the paradox of the Russian labor market. On the one hand, as of the time we work more than residents of other countries, but on the other hand, the workforce productivity of Russians is at one of the last places in the world. As a result, we are faced with the concept of high labor intensity: in order to produce a unit of production we need more working time than in other countries, and the reason lies in both the organization of the work process and the standing of fixed assets, i.e. equipment, machines, tools and materials.
Problems of motivation. One of the main problems in the way of high labor productivity is associated with a weak motivation. That is the factor, which hinders the most of Russians to fight for high efficiency. Business is not even in a hurry to pay more attention to the questions of staff motivation. The results of the OECD investigation show that we lag behind the foreign countries not only in terms of labor productivity, but also in terms of salaries. And the laws of the market economy reminder: just the high salary predetermines the high productivity, and not vice versa.
Necessity for modernization. The dependence of labor productivity on the standing of fixed assets is evident: the better is the equipment, the higher is the efficiency. However, what is evident in theory - the need for equipment modernization - in practice is not implemented. Moreover, compared to the beginning of the post-Soviet period the situation is getting only worse: wearing is increasing, investment in the upgrade - falling. As a result, the problem of prolonged deindustrialization arises: we are not just short of modern equipment, there are also no well-equipped workplaces, and therefore no highly skilled personnel. The problem is redoubled by sanctions that limited access to foreign borrowed funds, as well as unwillingness of business owners to invest in long-term projects with a long pay-off period. The volatility of the economic situation makes the areas with the short pay-back period much more attractive.
Rules of play. It is evident that the business and state are going to have to fight for the increase in labour productivity together. And if the business will have to start investing in long-term projects aimed at modernization of fixed assets and learning, how to motivate the staff, the main task of the state is to give the private sector guarantees of stability and predictability of the economic policy, transparent rules of play for 4 - 5 years (s. also Article from 31.01.2017 and Article from 28.02.2017) – a period, being sufficient for a full-fledged renewal of fixed assets..
The Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (Rosreestr) started accepting electronic documents for the state registration of rights on real estate in accordance with the Federal law №218-FL «On state registration of real estate» having come into force since January 1st, 2017.
The service of filing documents in electronic format gives an opportunity to both citizens and representatives of legal entities as well as entrepreneurs to receive one of the most important and popular service directly from the original source having no time lost.
The service provides means for filing an application and the attached documents for registration of termination, transfer, restriction or encumbrance of rights on real estate, the data on which is involved in the Unified State Register of Real Estate (EGRN). It is also possible to receive extract from the EGRN in electronic format on real estate units.
The extract contains the data on the unit description; type and cadastral number; cadastral value; date of its approval; corporate details of the act on approval of cadastral value and the date of its entry in the EGRN; date of filing of an application on reconsideration of cadastral value and start date of its use.
According to the Letter of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation as of 07.02.2017 №BS-4-21/2140@, the data on cadastral value upon the request of the tax authority received in such a way may be used for the purposes of the tax administration, including for updating of information in databases of tax authorities.
Documents for state registration of rights on real estate may be filed to the Federal Cadastral Chamber or to the multifunctional center (MFC) “My documents” personally.
The Federal Cadastral Chamber carries out the state cadastral registration of real estate units, maintenance of the state cadastre of real estate, registration of buildings, constructions, premises, facilities under construction, state cadastral valuation, provides services in the field of registration of rights on real estate and related deals and cadastral registration of real estate.
According to the Federal law №218-FL, the state registration of rights on real estate is to be produced no longer than 7 days. In case of applying to MFC “My documents”, the service will be rendered within 9 days.
The new services came into operations on the Rosreestr web-site: “User account of rights holder”, “User account of cadastral engineer”, “Reference information on real online”. The prior services were brought in line with the Federal law №218-FL as well. In the User account of rights holder on real estate there is a service “Offices and receptions. Pre-appointment.” This service provides an opportunity to prearrange the visit to the Federal Cadastral Chamber office.
The access is also open to the services making in possible to check the service delivery procedure - “Verification of order (application) fulfilment” as well as – electronic signature accuracy and to print the received electronic extract - “Verification of electronic document”.
More than 400 thousand applications on state registration of rights on real estate were forwarded to the Rosreestr through an electronic service during 2016. In January-February 2017 more than 2500 applications on registration of rights were accepted on exterritorial concept. The corresponding procedure is also provided by the Federal law №218-FL.
Due to the exterritorial concept of rendering services, it is possible to apply for registration of rights without regard to the real estate unit location. Rosreestr accepts applications on registration of rights within the whole territory of the country. In each region there are offices, where it is possible to file an application on registration of rights on real estate located in other regions.
Subscribers of the Information and Analytical system Globas-i® may order the extracts from EGRN with the help of the service “Cadastral map” in the main menu section Additional information or directly from the company report reviewing its location of the map.