Return on equity of the largest Russian credit institutions

Information agency Credinform offers the ranking of the largest Russian credit institutions. The largest Russian credit institutions with the largest size of equity were selected for the ranking, according to the data of the Central Bank of Russia (CBR) for the reporting period of 2016 (TOP-10). Then they were ranked by the return on equity ratio in 2016 (Table 1).

Return on equity, as one of performance ratios, characterizes the return on bank's capital and is calculated as the relation of net profit to equity of a credit institution. The ratio shows the return on investment of shareholders in terms of accounting profit.

For getting of the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention to all combination of its financial indicators and ratios.

Table 1. Share capital, net profit, return on equity, bank’s financial stability index Globas® of the largest Russian banks (TOP-10)
Name, BIC, PSRN, region, date of establishment Share capital, mln RUB Net profit, 2015, mln RUB Net profit, 2016, mln RUB Return on equity, 2015, % Return on equity, 2016, % Bank’s financial stability index Globas®
PAO INTERREGIONAL BANK FOR SETTLEMENTS OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND POSTAL SERVICES Moscow BIC 044525848 PSRN 1027700159288 19.05.1991 36 864,6 10 283,3 14 073,3 21,06 37,98 175 The highest
NAO RAIFFEISENBANK Moscow BIC 044525700 PSRN 1027739326449 09.06.1996 36 711,3 20 139,1 23 933,1 16,13 17,53 216 High
PAO SBERBANK OF RUSSIA Moscow BIC 044525225 PSRN 1027700132195 19.06.1991 67 760,8 236 256,1 516 987,8 8,82 16,45 202 High
NAO GAZPROMBANK Moscow BIC 044525823 PSRN 1027700167110 22.01.1992 190 234,3 34 365,3 109 685,1 5,32 15,90 226 High
PAO BANK VTB 24 Moscow BIC 044525716 PSRN 1027739207462 17.11.1991 113 382,9 461,2 43 126,1 0,17 14,58 236 High
NAO UniCredit Bank Moscow BIC 044525545 PSRN 1027739082106 14.11.1991 40 438,3 6 003,8 16 655,1 3,45 9,29 222 High
PAO VTB BANK Moscow BIC 044525187 PSRN 1027739609391 16.10.1990 651 033,9 48 580,7 70 006,6 4,79 6,88 210 High
NAO ALFA-BANK Moscow BIC 044525593 PSRN 1027700067328 02.01.1991 59 587,6 49 591,4 5 117,6 13,79 1,43 193 The highest
PAO COMMERCIAL BANK AK BARS Republic of Tatarstan BIC 049205805 PSRN 1021600000124 28.11.1993 38 015,4 9 801,6 645,7 16,74 0,90 171 The highest
NAO Russian Agricultural Bank Moscow BIC 044525111 PSRN 1027700342890 23.04.2000 339 848,0 69 207,2 909,2 16,80 0,23 180 The highest
Total in the group of TOP-10 banks 1 573 877,0 484 689,7 801 139,6      
Average value in the group of TOP-10 banks   48 469,0 801 139,6 10,71 12,12  
Industry average value   1 644,1 2 250,7 12,37 13,05  

The average values of the return on equity ratio in 2015 - 2016 in the group of TOP-10 banks are below the industry average values (in Table 1 and Picture 1 the green and yellow fillings mark the indicators, which are higher and lower than the industry average values, respectively).

Three banks from the TOP-10 reduced net profit in 2016 in comparison with the previous period (are marked with a red filling in Table 1).

Picture 1. The return on equity and the share capital of the largest Russian banks (TOP-10) Picture 1. The return on equity and the share capital of the largest Russian banks (TOP-10)

The industry average values of the bank's financial stability index (Picture 2) reflect generally the macroeconomic trends. Thus, there is a decrease in ratio values observed in the periods of crisis in the economy in 2007-2009 and in 2013-2014.

Picture 2. Industry average values of the return on equity of the largest Russian banks in 2006 – 2016 Picture 2. Industry average values of the return on equity of the largest Russian banks in 2006 – 2016

All TOP-10 banks got the highest and high bank's financial stability index Globas®, that points to their ability to repay their debts in time and fully.

All clear

Russian aviation market is improving again

Having overcome the impact of the crisis, Russian air carriers are gaining traction. The volume of passenger traffic has been growing sustainably, and the market players are optimistic about their future against the backdrop of current Government’s decisions.

The industry takes off. Official data of the Federal Air Transport Agency (Rosaviatsiya) for January – May 2017 demonstrates that Russian aviation market has been improving, and its growth rate makes jealous most of Russian economic sectors. During the first 5 months of the current year Russian airlines have carried almost 36 mln passengers, that is 22% more than during the same period in 2016. Since the start of the year, passenger turnover has increased by 25%, and totaled a shade under 89 billion passenger-kilometers; cargo turnover has increased by 23% and has reached the 3 billion ton-kilometers mark. Passenger load factor has grown by 2,7 pct (73,3% at the end of the reporting period).

Growth factors. Analysts explain the market growth by several factors. Firstly, the demand for highly remunerative international flights has boosted, and this means that airline companies have managed to adapt to the absence of Egyptian and Ukrainian destinations. As a result, for the first time during a long period the international load exceeded the domestic load. Secondly, along with the permanent leaders of the market – 5 companies that control 70% of air carriage (Aeroflot, Rossiya, S7, UTair and Ural Airlines) – a high growth rate has been demonstrated by small carriers that provide service to up to 3 mln passengers per year, and by charter carriers. The recovery of consumer demand for the industry’s services is supported by the initiated appreciation of the ruble, and by general trend of sustaining or cutting air ticket prices (which includes the background of rivalry with low-cost carriers, such as Pobeda) that made airline companies cut the average cost of tickets by 20%.

Under the Government’s wing. State support has played a significant part in market’s recovery. It took the form of application of a reduced VAT of 10% for airlines’ domestic passenger transportation services. At first, this abatement, that helped to lower the industry’s tax burden by almost 40 billion rubles, was planned to be in effect from July 1, 2015 till December 31, 2017, and the closer the end of the period the more frequent were the concerns of market participants that the industry which has just regained its feet was going to stall. However, on June 16, 2017 at the website of the Government of the Russian Federation there was published a decree by Dmitry Medvedev on extension of the benefit till December 31, 2020. The program of state aid to air industry till 2025 has also played a significant role in market’s recovery. The measures aimed at strengthening of competitive performance of Russian aircraft producers, have worked for passenger air carriers as well.

Out of turbulence. The news about the extension of preferential tax period has had its impact on the mood of the market’s participants. Despite certain problems, and instability of global political and economic environment, one could predict with great probability that Russian aviation market is going to grow. According to the estimation made by Vladimir Tasun, the president of the Russian Air Transport Operators Association (RATOA), as a result of the current year, passenger traffic of Russian airlines could go beyond a significant mark of 100 mln passengers.

Nevertheless, general favorable market situation does not guarantee an effective and stable operation of all its players. Specialists of the Information Agency Credinform recommend using Information and Analytical System Globas® when choosing an air carrier in order to prevent cooperation with an unreliable business partner and to minimize risks, which in this case may result in flight delays or cancellations, low-quality services and other unforeseen situations.