Because of low consumer`s demand and slowdown of inflation to projected values, the Bank of Russia moved to easing of monetary policy. The main tool of the regulator is the key rate: currently it amounts to 6,5%. On the next meeting of the Board of directors of the Bank of Russia, that will be held on December 13th, a decision, possibly, will be taken for further lowering of the key rate. Taken measures should encourage bank lending, and, consequently, revival of demand.
Sberbank of Russia is the leading bank in terms of the volume of loans granted to natural persons: on November of 2019, loan portfolio achieved 7 101 billion RUB, that amounts to 41,6% of the total volume of provided loans (s. Picture 1).
Among Top 10 banks Rosbank shows the largest growth rate of loans for a year: +134% compared to November of 2018 (s. Table 1).
|№||Name of commercial bank||Total volume of loans granted on November of 2019, billion RUB||Growth rate of loans compared to November of 2018 %||Share at lending market, %|
|1||Sberbank of Russia||7 101||18||41,6|
|5||Russian Agricultural Bank||451||8||2,6|
|10||Bank Otkritie Financial Corporation||296||127||1,7|
|Other banks||3 759||15||22,0|
Table 2 contains current minimum interest rates on basic credit products in Top 10 Russian banks in terms of loans granted to natural persons. Green value demonstrates the most profitable offer.
|№||Name of commercial bank||Mortgage loan||Credit||Credit card|
|1||Sberbank of Russia||from 5,0%||from 11,9%||from 21,9%|
|2||VTB||from 8,4%||from 10,9%||from 16,0%|
|3||Alfa-Bank||from 8,09%||from 8,8%||from 11,99%|
|4||Gazprombank||from 4,5%||from 9,5%||from 25,9%|
|5||Russian Agricultural Bank||from 3,75%||from 7,5%||from 22,9%|
|6||Post Bank||Not granted||from 9,9%||from 17,9%|
|7||Tinkoff Bank||Not granted||from 9,0%||from 12,0%|
|8||Rosbank||from 6,99%||from 10,99%||from 23,9%|
|9||Raiffeisenbank||from 4,99%||from 8,99%||from 19,0%|
|10||Bank Otkritie Financial Corporation||from 7,95%||from 8,5%||from 13,9%|
The banking system of Russia, despite all the difficulties of it`s establishment, plays the key role in the development of the economy of Russia. Credit interest rates, including mortgage loans, set in the majority of banks, just several years ago seemed unattainable, and now they become real.
Information agency Credinform represents an overview of activity trends of the largest machine-building enterprises in Volga federal district of Russia.
Machine-building enterprises with the largest volume of annual revenue (TOP-1000) of the federal district were selected for the analysis, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (for 2013 - 2018). The analysis was made on the basis of the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The largest machine-building enterprise of Volga federal district in terms of net assets is KAMAZ PJSC, INN 1650032058, Republic of Tatarstan. Its net assets amounted to more than 45 billion rubles in 2018.
The smallest amount of net assets in the TOP-1000 list was hold by CHEBOKSARY TRACTOR PLANT PJSC, INN 2126003074, Chuvash Republic. The insufficiency of property of this company in 2018 was expressed as a negative value of -112,6 billion rubles.
The average values of net assets tend to decrease over the five-year period (Picture 1).
The shares of TOP-1000 enterprises with insufficiency of assets have a tendency to decrease in the last five years (Picture 2).
The revenue volume of 10 leading regional companies of the industry made almost 45% of the total revenue of TOP-1000 in 2018. (Picture 3). It points to a high level of monopolization in machine-building industry of Volga region.
In general, there is a tendency to increase in the revenue volumes (Picture 4).
Profit and loss
The largest company of the industry in Volga region in terms of net profit value is ODK-UMPO PJSC, INN 0273008320, Republic of Bashkortostan. The company's profit amounted to 14,3 billion rubles in 2018.
For four out of five years the TOP-1000 companies had losses with a tendency to their increase (Picture 5).
Average values of net profit’s indicators of TOP-1000 enterprises have a tendency to their increase over a five-year period, at the same time the average value of net loss also increases. (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
Over the five-year period the average indicators of the total liquidity were above the range of recommended values - from 1,0 up to 2,0, with a tendency to decrease. (Picture 7).
Over the course of five years, there is a relatively high level of average values of the indicators of the investment ratio, with a tendency to increase. (Picture 8).
This ratio of business activity showed a tendency to decrease over the five-year period (Picture 9).
63% of TOP-1000 companies are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the RF. At the same time, their share in the total revenue of TOP-1000 enterprises mounts to 7% that is significantly lower than the national average (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
The TOP-1000 companies are registered in 14 regions and distributed unequal across the federal district. More than 62% of the largest machine-building enterprises in terms of revenue are concentrated in the Republic of Tatarstan, Samara and Nizhny Novgorod regions (Picture 11).
Financial position score
An assessment of the financial position of TOP-1000 companies shows that most of them are in above average financial position (Picture 12).
Solvency index Globas
The vast majority of TOP-1000 enterprises got Superior/High or Strong/Medium Solvency index Globas, that points to their ability to pay off their debts in time and fully (Picture 13).
Industrial production index
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, there is a decrease in indicators of the industrial production index in the machine-building industry in the Volga federal district during 12 months of 2018 – 2019 (Picture 14). At the same time, the calculated average index month-over-month amounted to 105,5%.
A comprehensive assessment of activity of the largest machine-building enterprises of the Volga federal district, taking into account the main indices, financial indicators and ratios, points to the absence of a pronounced general trend (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors, TOP-1000||Specific share of factor, %|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of net assets||-10|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Level of competition / monopolization||-10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of revenue||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of profit (loss)||-10|
|Growth / decline in average values of net profit of TOP-1000 companies||10|
|Growth / decline in average values of net loss of TOP-1000 companies||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||-10|
|Share of small and medium-sized enterprises in the region in terms of revenue being more than 22%||-10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||10|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Industrial production index||5|
|Average value of the specific share of factors||0,0|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor).