A new chapter 22.2 «Investigation of cases on Protection of Rights and Legal Interests of group of people», was entered to the Civil Procedural Code of the RF by the Federal Law as of 18.07.2019 №191-FL. That makes it possible for individuals and companies to apply to the court for protection of rights and legal interests of group of persons. This application should be complied by set of conditions:
- common defendant for every member of a group;
- the same rights and legal interests should be judicial matter for members of a group;
- rights of members of the group and obligations of a defendant are determined by identical factual situation;
- all members of the group apply united method of the rights protection;
- joining the application of more than 20 persons on the beginning of court hearing.
Besides, amendments were made to the Arbitration Procedural Code of the RF. In particular, to the article 225.10, that regulates class action lawsuits in arbitration proceedings.
It is provided by the amendments, that joining class action lawsuit can be arranged by written application to corresponding party or application to the court, if integration is carried out after start of proceeding on class action lawsuit. It is possible to access to group action lawsuit before the beginning of court hearing. It can be done via completion of the corresponding form on the web site of arbitration court or with the use of service «My arbitrator».
Person performing interests of the group and joined to the claim on protection of group interests, has right to sign notarized agreement, defining rules of incurring legal expenses. It concerns both civil and arbitration proceedings. Matter of change or termination of such group agreements is regarded only through court proceedings at the place of class action lawsuit proceeding.
Amendments will come into force since October 1.
Information agency Credinform represents an overview of activity trends of the largest companies of the real sector of the economy in the Chechen Republic.
The republican companies with the largest volume of annual revenue (TOP-500) were selected for the analysis, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (for 2012-2017). The analysis was made on the basis of the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The largest company of the Chechen Republic in terms of net assets is SITI-STROI LLC . Its net assets amounted to more than 7,2 billion rubles in 2017.
The smallest size of net assets in TOP-500 enterprises was owned by GAZPROM MEZHREGIONGAZ GROZNY LLC. Insufficiency of assets of this company was expressed by a negative value -74,4 billion rubles.
Over a five-year period, the indicators of the average size of net assets of TOP-500 companies were expressed by negative values with a downtrend (Picture 1).
The shares of TOP-500 enterprises with insufficiency of assets have a tendency to decrease in the last five years (Picture 2).
The revenue volume of 10 leading regional companies made 52% of the total revenue of TOP-500 in 2017 (Picture 3). It points to a high level of industrial concentration in the Chechen Republic.
In general, there is a trend towards an increase in revenue volume (Picture 4).
Profit and losses
The largest company of the Chechen Republic in terms of net profit is GAZPROM GAZORASPREDELENIE GROZNY NJSC. Company's profit amounted to 584 million rubles in 2017.
n general, there is a tendency to increase the average size of loss in TOP-500 over the five-year period (Picture 5).
Over a five-year period, the average values of net profit’s indicators of TOP-500 companies tend to increase insignificantly, while the value of net loss also increases. (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
Over the five-year period the average indicators of the total liquidity ratio of TOP-500 enterprises were above the range of recommended values - from 1,0 up to 2,0, with a tendency to increase (Picture 7).
There has been a very high level of average values of the return on investment ratio for five years, with a tendency to increase. (Picture 8).
This ratio of business activity showed a tendency to increase over the five-year period (Picture 9).
47% of TOP-500 companies are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the RF. At the same time, their share in the total revenue of TOP-500 companies amounts to 23,7%, that is higher than the national average (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
The TOP-500 enterprises are registered in 18 districts and inhabited localities of the Republic and are distributed unequal across the territory. Almost 86% of the revenue volume of TOP-500 companies are concentrated in the republican center – Grozny, Gudermes and Shali districts (Picture 11).
Financial position score
An assessment of the financial position of TOP-500 companies shows that more than half of them are in average financial position. (Picture 12).
Solvency index Globas
The largest part of TOP-1000 companies got Superior/High or Strong/Medium Solvency index Globas, that points to their ability to pay off their debts in time and fully (Picture 13).
Industrial production index
According to the Federal Service of State Statistics, there is a tendency towards an increase in indicators of the industrial production index in the Chechen Republic during 12 months of 2018 (Picture 14). At the same time, the average index indicator from month to month amounted to 99,8.
According to the same information, the share of enterprises of the Chechen Republic in the total amount of revenue from the sale of goods, works, services made 0,041% countrywide for 2018, and for the 1st quarter of 2019 – 0,037%, that is lower than the indicator for the 1st quarter of 2018, which amounted to 0,039%.
A comprehensive assessment of activity of the largest companies in the real sector of the economy of the Chechen Republic, taking into account the main indices, financial indicators and ratios, points to the prevalence of positive trends (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors of TOP-500 enterprise||Specific share of factor, %|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of net assets||-10|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Concentration level of capital||-10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of revenue||10|
|Rate of growth (decline) in the average size of profit (loss)||-10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net profit||5|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net loss||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||10|
|Share of small and medium-sized enterprises in the region in terms of revenue being more than 22%||10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||5|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Industrial production index||5|
|Dynamics of the share of enterprises of the Republic in the total amount of revenue from the sale of goods, works, services countrywide||-10|
|Average value of the specific share of factors||1,3|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor).