Starting from January 1st, 2022, the following amendments were introduced to the Part One of the Tax Code of Russia by the Federal Law as of 29.11.2021 №380-FL: strengthening of the administrative liability of financial market participants for the data filed by them, specification of entities, having direct or indirect control over clients or beneficiary, update of the item “financial assets”.
In particular, the new edition of the article 129.7 of the Tax Code of Russia is represented as follows:
|Violation by financial market participants||Fine sanctions|
|Failure to file the data on tax residents of foreign countries or territories;||RUB 300 thousand;|
|Failure to include the data in relation to a single nonresident-client||RUB 50 thousand for each violation;|
|Presentation of incomplete or unreliable data on a nonresident-client||RUB 25 thousand for each act;|
|Willful failure to include or misrepresent the data||RUB 100 thousand for each act.|
Moreover, the liability for presentation of incomplete or unreliable data by the client is introduced by the new article 129.7-1 of the Tax Code of Russia
|Violation by clients of financial market participants||Fine sanctions|
|Presentation of incomplete or unreliable data in relation to themselves, beneficiaries of entities, having direct or indirect control over them;||RUB 25 thousand for each violation in relation to each contract concluded between the client and the financial market participant;|
|Willful presentation of incomplete or unreliable data in relation to themselves, beneficiaries of entities, having direct or indirect control over them.||for an individual - RUB 20 thousand, for a legal entity - RUB 50 thousand for each violation in relation to each contract, concluded between the client and the financial market participant.|
Besides, the amendments specify the list of entities, having direct or indirect control over a client or beneficiary. The new statement states that they are individuals that control clients or beneficiary directly, indirectly or through the third parties (hold more than 25% interest in the capital) or are able to control their activities.
The item “financial assets” is updated. Now it also includes other assets, being the subject matter of the contract, providing financial services between the client and the financial market participant. At the same time, the following assets are not identified as financial ones for the purposes of the Chapter 16 of the Tax Code of Russia: immovable, precious metals (except for the precious metals kept on accounts, deposits or deposited for exoneration) and objects of value kept in safe deposit box.
Users of the Information and Analytical system Globas can get all the available information on all the financial market participants, both banking and nonbanking institutions.
In 2021, due to the shortage of sea vessels and containers, difficulties arose in the movement of goods from China to Europe. Part of the freight traffic switched to road transport, which led to an increase in the cost of transportation from Primorye to the European part of Russia. The results of 2021 will later show how much this situation could affect the situation in the industry in general, while the positive development trends were observed in the period 2011 – 2020.
Among these positive trends are: an increase in the size of net assets and revenue, a significant share of small businesses in the total revenue, a high level of competition, an increase in the return on investment.
The most significant negative trend is the growth of net losses over the past five years.
To analyze the activities of the sector in Globas, the Information Agency Credinform has selected the largest road freight transport companies with the highest annual revenue (TOP 1000), according to the data from the Statistical Register and the Federal Tax Service for the latest available periods (2015 – 2020).
The largest company in term of net assets is LLC GAZPROMNEFT - SNABZHENIE, INN 5501072608, Omsk region. In 2020, net assets value of the company almost reached 5,8 billion RUB.
The lowest net assets value among TOP 1000 belonged to LLC VSF LOGISTIC, INN 5009061039, Moscow region. The legal entity is declared insolvent (bankrupt) and bankruptcy proceedings are initiated on 06.03.2020. In 2020, insufficiency of property of the enterprise was indicated in negative value of -378 million RUB.
Covering the ten-year period, the average net assets values and their growth rate have a trend to increase (Picture 1).
Over the past five years, the share of companies with insufficient property had a positive trend to decrease (Picture 2).
In 2020, the revenue volume of ten largest companies was 22% of total TOP 1000 revenue (Picture 3). This is indicative of a relatively high level of competition in the sector.
Covering the ten-year period, there is a trend to increase in revenue and its growth rate (Picture 4).
Profit and loss
In 2020, the largest organization in term of profit was LLC WESTERN PETROLEUM TRANSPORTATION, INN 7705486752, Moscow. The company’s profit amounted to 1,1 billion RUB.
Covering the ten-year period, there is a trend to increase in industry average net profit and growth rate (Picture 5).
For the five-year period, the average net profit values have multidirectional trend to increase (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
Covering the ten-year period, the average values of the current liquidity ratio were within the recommended one - from 1,0 to 2,0 with a trend to a slight decrease (Picture 7).
Covering the ten-year period, the average values of ROI ratio had a trend to increase (Picture 8).
Covering the ten-year period, business activity ratio demonstrated the decreasing trend (Picture 9).
86% of companies of TOP 1000 are registered in the Register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation. In 2020, their share in total revenue of TOP 1000 was 41%, twice higher than the average country values in 2018-2019 (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
Companies of TOP 1000 are registered in 78 regions (89% of the RF subjects), and unequally located across the country. Almost 61% of TOP 1000 companies largest by total 2020 revenue are located in ten regions Russia (Picture 11).
Financial position score
Assessment of the financial position of TOP 1000 companies shows that the majority of them have average financial position (Picture 12).
Complex assessment of activity of largest road freight transport companies, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the prevalence of positive trends in their activities in 2011 - 2020 (Table 1).
|Trends and evaluation factors||Relative share of factors, %|
|Dynamics of the average net assets value||10|
|Rate of growth (decrease) in the average size of net assets||10|
|Increase (decrease) in the share of enterprises with negative values of net assets||10|
|Level of competition / monopolization||10|
|Dynamics of the average revenue||10|
|Rate of growth (decrease) in the average size of revenue||10|
|Dynamics of the average profit (loss)||10|
|Rate of growth (decrease) in the average profit (loss)||10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net profit||10|
|Growth / decline in average values of companies’ net loss||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of total liquidity ratio||-5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of return on investment ratio||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of asset turnover ratio, times||-10|
|Share of small and medium-sized businesses in terms of revenue being more than 20%||10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||5|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Average value of relative share of factors||5,3|
positive trend (factor), negative trend (factor)