Since the 1st of January 2014 the amendments to the Federal law «On the National Payment System» have entered into force, which can seem at first sight revolutionary in the sphere of protection of electronic payment instruments, first of all of bank cards.
Now a bank is obliged to inform its client about each transaction with the use of the card by notifying him/her accordingly (most prevalent practice – mobile SMS). At the same time some problems of practical character are appearing: whom will the burden of tariffs of mobile phone operators for notifications delivery lay on; it is not clear enough yet, how will be messages delivered if a person has changed the phone number, removed to another region, gone abroad to relax and in similar cases.
The other novation is that in case the funds will be used unknown to the owner (for example, in case of the loss) or without her/his consent, the client is obliged to inform the bank, which has issued the card, about it within one day of notification of account transactions and not later.
After it the credit organization is obliged to reimburse to the cardholder all sum, which was withdrawn without his/her knowledge. Besides that, if a bank has not informed the client about illegal transactions, then in this case the sum will be also reimbursed, no matter when a person has found out the cash shortages.
It should seem the idea of provision of information on transactions via electronic payment instruments and recovery of losses from fraudulent transactions must ensure maximal their owners, also the fact should be taken into account that the traditional notes and coins are being replaced step by step now. However, for the stolen funds will be reimbursed by the bank, the client is obliged to prove that these transactions were made illegal and unknown to her/him. How will be the «proving» process go, the lawmaker has not prescribed. We’ll hope that with the course of time the banking community will create all by itself this mechanism, which will be unified enough and understandable for everyone.
Information agency Credinform prepared a ranking of the return of assets of restaurant business in Russia. The companies with highest volume of revenue were selected for the research according to data from the Statistical Register for the latest available period (for the year 2012). Then, the first 10 enterprises selected by turnover were ranked by decrease in return on assets value.
Return on assets is a financial indicator, which shows how many monetary units of net profit were earned by each unit of total assets; is calculated as the relation of net profit and interests payable to company’s total assets value. This ratio represents the ability of an organization to generate profit, without regard to capital structure. As for all profitability ratios there are no specified values prescribed for the analyzed ratio, because its value varies strongly depending on the branch, where an enterprise operates.
|№||Name, INN||Region||Turnover for 2012, in mln RUB||Return on assets, (%)||Solvency index GLOBAS-i®|
|Moscow||42 532||25,21||138 (the highest)|
|2||Moskva – MakdonaldsCJSC
|Moscow||12 894||17,2||153 (the highest)|
|Moscow||3 097||15,02||196 (the highest)|
|Moscow region||1 030||6,98||224 (high)|
|5||Teremok – Russkie Bliny LLC
|Saint-Petersburg||1 364||1,81||201 (high)|
|6||RESTORANNAYA OB’EDINENNAYA SET I NOVEISHIE TEHNOLOGII EVROAMERIKANSKOGO RAZVITIYA RESTORANTS LLC
|7||BRAZERS I KOMPANIYA LLC
|Moscow region||1 703||0,12||235 (high)|
|Moscow region||1 976||0,05||550 (satisfactory)|
|Saint-Petersburg||3 028||-1,86||214 (high)|
|10||KOFE HAUS. ESPRESSO I KAPUCHINO BAR LLC
|Moscow||3 821||-4,62||269 (high)|
The dominant position on the Russian restaurant market is held by networks focused mainly on mid-range segment. For the most part these are so called fast food stations.
The first place of the ranking list belongs to the industry leader on turnover Makdonalds LLC with the return on assets 25,21%. The company also got the highest solvency index GLOBAS-i® that characterizes it as more attractive for business cooperation.
Picture. Return on assets of restaurant business, TOP-10
Moskva – Makdonalds CJSC and FASTLEND LLC are on the second and the third places in the ranking with the return on assets values 17,2 and 15,02% respectively. Both companies got the highest solvency index GLOBAS-i® that characterizes them as financially stable.
The return on assets value of RESTORANNAYA OB’EDINENNAYA SET I NOVEISHIE TEHNOLOGII EVROAMERIKANSKOGO RAZVITIYA RESTORANTS LLC and BRAZERS I KOMPANIYA LLC is less than 1 and made only 0,4 and 0,12% respectively. And the ratio values of companies AmRest LLC and KOFE HAUS. ESPRESSO I KAPUCHINO BAR LLC is negative at all. Such results can testify to ineffective administration of assets on the part of enterprise management. However, all four companies got a high solvency index GLOBAS-i®, because the assessment of the company's attraction for business cooperation is comprehensive and takes into account the combination of factors.
The company Lanch CJSC with the return on assets value 0,05% got a satisfactory solvency index GLOBAS-i®, because there are data on non-fulfillment of obligations by the enterprise.
Analyzing results of companies-industry leaders, it may be noted that, unfortunately, the return on assets ratio of most companies in the ranking (7 from 10) couldn’t reach 10%, that can testify of low efficiency of using assets, this is because the service sector is traditionally more profitable, than capital intensive industries. However, because the value under investigation takes into account all assets of an organization, and not only own funds, then often it is less interesting for investors. That is why, for the comprehensive assessment of a situation in the industry it should be considered the combination of financial and non-financial indicators.