TOP-10 of agricultural goods exported from Russia

For the last five years, the export of Russian agricultural goods has grown by almost one third: in 2014, the export value amounted to USD 19,8 billion and to USD 25,5 billion in 2019, which is significantly higher than the sales of domestic weapons for the same period – USD 15.2 billion.

Russia is the world's leading grain exporter (including wheat) for the fifth year in a row: in the 2019 agricultural year, the wheat shipments amounted to 33.2 million tons worth more than USD 6 billion. It is particularly remarkable that the USSR within the last years of its existence, on the contrary, was the net wheat importer. According to the 2020 preliminary results, the export of wheat may increase to another record - 40,8 million tons.

In addition to wheat, the following commodity groups accrue the monetary export volume of more than USD 1 billion per year: frozen fish, sunflower oil and crustaceans (Table 1).

Table 1. TOP-10 of commodity groups of agricultural goods, exported from Russia
Rank Commodity group 2019 export, million USD
1 Wheat and meslin 6 394
2 Frozen fish 2 498
3 Sunflower oil 2 121
4 Crustaceans 1 583
5 Barley 706
6 Corn 533
7 Rape seed or mustard oil 514
8 Oilseed residues 416
9 Soya bean oil 398
10 Fish fillets 392

Source: Federal customs service of Russia; Credinform analyses

China is the largest importer of domestic agricultural goods: in 2019, the shipments to China amounted to 3,2 billion USD. Taking into account the huge market, rapid urbanization and growing welfare of the Chinese citizens, our farmers should consider this direction as the most promising for sales.

Table 2. TOP-10 of countries by export of agricultural goods from Russia
Rank Country 2019 export, million USD Export share, %
1 China 3 188 12,5
2 Turkey 2 489 9,8
3 Kazakhstan 1 851 7,3
4 Republic of Korea 1 555 6,1
5 Egypt 1 469 5,8
6 Belarus 1 378 5,4
7 Netherlands 989 3,9
8 Iran 962 3,8
9 Ukraine 708 2,8
10 Azerbaijan 619 2,4
- Other countries 10 240 40,2

Source: Federal customs service of Russia; Credinform analyses

The current foreign trade dynamics gives reason to believe, that in the mid-term, Russia may become one of the world's top ten exporters of agricultural goods.

Changes in legislation

On November 7, 2020, the Federal law No. 349-FL of October 27, 2020 came into force, changing the procedure for entering information to the Unified Register of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (hereinafter “SMEs”).

The law provides that information on small business that meets the relevant conditions will be entered to the register on the 10th of each month based on information available to the Federal Tax Service (hereinafter “FTS”) of the Russian Federation as of the first day of each month. Previously, the information was entered to the register once a year.

Entrepreneurs who have not provided information to the FTS or who have ceased to meet the criteria for small businesses will be excluded from the SMEs register only once a year - on July 10 as before.

In addition, at the beginning of October 2020, organizations providing support to small businesses and self-employed individuals have already reported on the support measures provided in 2019-2020. The list of such information is determined by the Federal law No. 279-FL of August 2, 2019. This information will be included in the first stage of inclusion the information in the SMEs register, scheduled for December 20, 2020.

The subscribers of the Information and Analytical system Globas have access to the list of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs that have received support from the government, and to the Unified Register of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises receiving support from the Moscow Government. This information is contained in the "Lists we recommend” section. Both registers have data on more than 270 thousand active entities.