To disclose the financial condition of the organization in dynamics, in order to attract investors and enter the international level, consolidated financial statements (CFS) are provided.
The CFS indicators include systematized information reflecting the results of joint activities and financial situation of a group of companies in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards / IFRS (cl. 2, art. 1 of the Law dated July 27, 2010 No. 208-FZ).
As opposed to individual financial statements, consolidated statements are intended to reflect information in relation to several interrelated organizations operating as a single economic unit. The list of legal entities required to provide consolidated reports, in accordance with par.1.2 of Art. 2 of Law No. 208-FZ, includes:
- clearing, credit institutions and insurance companies (except for those operating in the field of compulsory medical insurance);
- non-state pension and investment funds, including their holding companies;
- Joint-stock companies and unitary state-owned enterprises according to the approved government lists;
- companies with securities admitted to organized trading;
- other business entities if there are requirements in legislative acts or constituent documents.
The compilers are holdings and concerns that have subsidiaries, including those abroad. The report contains reliable information about the interrelated group and informs about the interaction between the holding and controlled entities.
Submission and disclosure of information
CFS is provided to shareholders or owners of property assets as prescribed by regulations or constituent documents, as well as to the Central Bank (except for joint-stock companies and unitary enterprises of the non-banking sector) after an audit (Article 4.5 of the Law No. 208-FZ). Reporting deadlines:
- annual - 120 days after the end of the year;
- interrim - 60 days after the end of the reporting period.
Mandatory condition: disclosure of CFS by posting in information systems or publication in the media accessible to all interested users, regardless of the purpose of obtaining information. The placement period is 30 days from the end of the submission period.
Officials are brought to administrative responsibility in case of failure to submit reports or revealing misrepresentation of figures (Art. 15.15.6 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation). Depending on the type and size, penalties from 1,000 RUB are applied for a primary minor violation, for example, for a deviation of any of the figures from 1% to 10% within 100,000 RUB, and up to 50,000 RUB for a repeated gross violation, such as fictitious data in accounting or refusal of audit.
Analysis of financial stability
For owners and investors, the economic stability of the group, which is able to maintain balance in the face of changes in the external and internal environment, is important. In order to check the solvency, the following should be assessed:
- the possibility of timely repayment of obligations;
- the level of provision of reserves and costs with sources of financing;
- availability of hard-to-sell and highly liquid assets;
- debt to equity ratio.
When analyzing the consolidated financial statements, it is necessary to exclude settlement transactions within the group that lead to the distortion of the resulting figures. Proper assessment of counterparties will help in choosing reliable business contacts.
Main requirements for goods and services are quality and safety. State takes under special control entrepreneurs and companies whose activities may affect life and health of consumers and the environment. Therefore, for some types of work, registration of a company with tax authorities is not enough, it is also necessary to submit a notification to the appropriate authority concerning planned release of products, provision of services. The list of such types of economic activity is established by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated July 16, 2009 No. 584.
Based on notifications from business entities, supervisory authority compiles a register and places it on its official website. Data in the public list is updated no later than 10 days from the date of registration of the application from the company.
Which authorities must be notified before the start of activity:
Rospotrebnadzor (Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing)
The notification nature of the start of activity is established for enterprises providing hotel and personal services, working in the field of catering, retail sales, wholesale trade of food and non-food products for a wide range of consumers.
The list of activities also includes:
- production of garments and textiles;
- production of clothes, shoes;
- sawmill activity;
- publishing and printing;
- launch of bakeries and confectioneries.
Packaging, furniture, personal protective equipment, building materials - release of these and other types of products must begin with a notification of Rospotrebnadzor.
Rostransnadzor (the Federal Authority for Transport Oversight)
The list includes services of transportation of passengers by road, as well as transportation of goods by trucks with a carrying capacity over 2.5 tons, by rail, sea, and inland water transport.
Rostrud (the Federal Service for Labour and Employment)
Companies that plan to take care of people in need and provide other social services provide information to Rostrud. This includes pensions, veterans homes, rehabilitation centers, etc.
Rosstandart (the Federal Technical Regulation and Metrology Service)
Rosstandart maintains a register of organizations producing low-voltage equipment, electrical distribution and control devices.
Other types of activities that have to be submitted with notification of the beginning of entrepreneurial activity
Information about the start of production of animal feed is sent to the veterinary service; organizations whose activities are related to fire, explosive and chemically hazardous production facilities of hazard class IV inform Rostekhnadzor &(the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service). Roszdravnadzor (the Federal Service for Surveillance in Healthcare) accepts notifications from companies involved in the circulation of medical devices.
Violation of the rules is punishable under Art. 19.7.5-1 of the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation.