Loan security of companies on UTII

Information agency Credinform presents a ranking of Russian companies on unified tax on imputed income. The largest companies (TOP-10) in terms of annual revenue were selected according to the data from the Statistical Register for the available periods (2017-2019). Then the companies were ranged by loan protection factor (Table 1). The analysis was based on the data from the Information and Analytical system Globas.

Loan protection factor (x) is the ratio of pre-tax earnings and loan interest to the sum of interest payable. It characterizes the security level of creditors from non-payment of interest for the granted loan and shows how many times during the reporting period the company earned means to pay the interest on loans.

The recommended value is >1. No indicator value indicates that the company does not have borrowed funds, therefore, no interest payable to creditors. However, it may not always be the evidence of general well-being as credit resources are necessary for a successful business growth.

In order to get the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise, it is necessary to pay attention to all combination of financial indicators and ratios.

Table 1. Revenue, net profit, loan protection factor, solvency index Globas of the Russian companies on UTII (TOP-10)
Name, INN, region Revenue, million RUB Net profit (loss), million RUB Loan protection factor (x), >1 Solvency index Globas
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
INN 0273028277 Republic of Bashkortostan
up12 329 up15 624 down2 up8 down1,48 up5,77 233 Strong
INN 7710106212 Moscow
up31 118 up35 558 up371 up417 up5,43 down4,80 202 Strong
INN 2303024188 Moscow
up45 528 up52 257 up285 down29 up2,58 down1,56 258 Medium
INN 7714709349 Moscow
up23 868 up30 160 down-2 448 up334 down-1,40 up1,45 247 Strong
INN 2801013238 Amur region
up17 709 down14 845 up21 down13 up1,19 down1,15 272 Medium
INN 7707061530 Moscow
up19 863 up19 879 down-462 up-247 down-0,77 up0,12 305 Adequate
INN 5029086747 Moscow region
up21 989 up22 943 up509 down202 up42,58   220 Strong
INN 6730017336 Smolensk region
up19 360 up20 825 down-514 up358     208 Strong
INN 7710323601 Moscow
up17 248 down17 152 down-978 up-252     263 Medium
INN 4822000201 Lipetsk region
up14 433 up14 618 down21 up604     296 Medium
Average value for TOP-10 companies up22 345 up24 386 down-319 up147 up7,30 down2,47  
Average value for TOP-1000 companies up1 669 up1 721 down33 up43 up340,03 down56,75  

вверх improvement compared to prior period, вниз decline compared to prior period

Average value of loan protection factor of TOP-10 is lower than the average value of TOP-1000. Three companies out of six have improved their values in 2019 comparing to the previous period.

Picture 1. Loan protection factor and revenue of the largest Russian companies on UTII (TOP-10) Picture 1. Loan protection factor and revenue of the largest Russian companies on UTII (TOP-10)

During 6 years, average values of loan protection factor had a tendency to decrease. (Picture 2).

Picture 2. Change in average values of the loan protection factor of the largest (TOP-1000) Russian companies on UTII in 2014 – 2019 Picture 2. Change in average values of the loan protection factor of the largest (TOP-1000) Russian companies on UTII in 2014 – 2019
Changes in legislation

Starting from January 1st, 2021 the Chapter 26.3 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation «Tax system in the form of the unified tax on imputed income for certain activities» is declared to be no longer in force, in accordance with the Federal law as of 29.06.2012 №97-FL.

Legal entities, having paid the unified tax on imputed income (UTII), have a right to use the simplified tax system (STS) in future as one of the tax regimes, meaning special procedure of tax payment and focused on small and medium business.

In order to use STS, it is necessary to meet the following requirements: there should be less than 100 staff members, income amounting to less than RUB 150 million, shares of other legal entities in company’s capital less than 25%, absence of branches.

The company may switch to STS if its income hasn’t exceeded RUB 112,5 million (article 346 the Tax Code of the RF) based on the result of nine months of the year, in which the notice of switch is applied.

Using of STS exempts of taxes on general taxation system.

Legal entities and sole entrepreneurs, displaying a willingness to switch to STS since January 1st 2021, may deliver a notice of switch no later than December 31st, 2020, according to the form № 26.2-1 (Classifier of Tax Documents 1150001), as approved by the Order of the FTS of the RF as of 02.11.2012 №ММВ-7-3/829@.

After presenting the notice of switch to STS, the tax payers have a right to the change the originally chosen item of taxation or to refuse the using of this tax system, presenting a new notice or a corresponding application to the tax authority no later than December 31st of a calendar year during which the notice was filed. These explanations were given in the Letter of FTS of the RF as of 20.10.2020 №СД-4-3/17181@.

Besides, the Letter of the FTS of the RF as of 20.11.2020 №СД-4-3/19053@ explains:

  • removal from the register as a UTII payer will be performed automatically;
  • tax return on UTII for the 4th quarter of 2020 should be filed to the place of registration no later than 20.01.2021, tax should be paid – no later than 25.01.2021;
  • sole entrepreneurs, displaying a willingness to switch to the patent taxation system since January 1st 2021, may file an application no later than December 17th, 2020;
  • if sale of goods (works, services) was carried out during the period of UTII using, sales revenue received by the tax payer during the period of using STS won’t be taken into account while determining the STS tax base;
  • when switching from UTII paying to general tax system since 01.01.2021, VAT is calculated while selling of goods (works, services, property rights), shipped (performed, rendered) starting from 01.01.2021.

Subscribers of the Information and Analytical system Globas can get all the available information on all the payers of unified tax on imputed income, using the tool «Filters» and get acquainted with their business operations. Currently Globas contains the data on more than 170 thousand active legal entities-payers of unified tax on imputed income.