In order to reduce the interregional differences in the level and quality of life of the population, to accelerate economic growth and technological development and to ensure the national security of the country, in February 2019 the Russian Government approved the Strategy of Spatial Development of the Russian Federation until 2025. It consists of 12 macro-regions; one of them is North-Western Region, which includes St. Petersburg, Leningrad, Novgorod and Pskov regions.
Information agency Credinform has prepared a review of activity trends of the largest companies of the real economy sector in the North-Western Economic Region of Russia.
The largest companies (ТОP-1000) in terms of annual revenue were selected according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (2013 - 2018). The analysis was based on data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The largest company in terms of net assets is LLC GAZPROM MEZHREGIONGAZ, INN 5003021311, St. Petersburg. In 2018 net assets of the company amounted to more than 793 billion RUB.
The smallest size of net assets in TOP-1000 had CJSC BALTIC PEARL, INN 7801377058, St. Petersburg. The lack of property of the company in 2018 was expressed in negative terms -19 billion RUB.
For the last five years, the average values of TOP-1000 net assets showed the growing tendency (Picture 1).
For the last five years, the share of ТОP-1000 enterprises with lack of property is decreasing (Picture 2).
In 2018, the total revenue of 10 largest companies amounted to 45% from ТОP-1000 total revenue (Picture 3). This fact testifies the high level of capital concentration.
In general, the growing trend in sales revenue is observed (Picture 4).
Profit and loss
The largest company in terms of net profit is JSC Gazprom Neft, INN 5504036333, St. Petersburg. In 2018 the company’s profit amounted to more than 90 billion RUB.
For the last five years, the average profit values of TOP-1000 show the growing tendency (Picture 5).
Over a five-year period, the average net profit values of ТОP-1000 show the growing tendency, along with this the average net loss is decreasing (Picture 6).
Main financial ratios
For the last five years, the average values of the current liquidity ratio were higher than the recommended values - from 1,0 to 2,0, with growing trend (Picture 7).
Within five years, the high level of the average values of ROI ratio with downward trend is observed (Picture 8).
For the last five years, this business activity ratio demonstrated the downward trend (Picture 9).
10% of ТОP-1000 companies are registered in the Unified register of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Russian Federal Tax Service. Herein, their share in TOP-1000 total revenue is about 1%, which is significantly lower than the national average value in 2018 – 2019 (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
ТОP-1000 companies are unequally located across the country and registered in 4 regions of Russia. 87% of the largest enterprises in terms of revenue are located in St. Petersburg (Picture 11).
Financial position score
An assessment of the financial position of TOP-1000 companies shows that the largest part have above average financial position (Picture 12).
Solvency index Globas
Most of TOP-1000 companies got superior/high or strong/medium Solvency index Globas, this fact shows the ability of the companies to meet their obligations in time and fully (Picture 13).
Industrial production index
According to the Federal Service of State Statistics, there is a growing trend in the industrial production index in the North-Western Economic Region of Russia during 12 months of 2019 – 2020 (Picture 14). Herewith the average index from month to month amounted to 99,5%.
According to the same data, the share of enterprises of the North-Western Economic Region of Russia in the amount of revenue from the sale of goods, works, services made 9,550% countrywide in 2019, that is lower than in 2018 (9,787%).
A complex assessment of activity of the largest companies of real economy sector in the North-Western Economic Region of Russia, taking into account the main indexes, financial ratios and indicators, demonstrates the presence of positive trends (Table 1).
|Trends and assessment factors||Relative share, %|
|Growth/drawdown rate of average net assets value||10|
|Increase / decrease in the share of enterprises with negative net assets||10|
|The level of competition / monopolization||-10|
|Growth/drawdown rate of average revenue||10|
|Growth/drawdown rate of average net profit (loss)||10|
|Increase / decrease in average net profit of companies||10|
|Increase / decrease in average net loss of companies||10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of current liquidity ratio||5|
|Increase / decrease in average values of ROI ratio||-10|
|Increase / decrease in average values of assets turnover ratio, times||-10|
|Share of small and medium-sized businesses by revenue more than 22%||-10|
|Financial position (the largest share)||10|
|Solvency index Globas (the largest share)||10|
|Industrial production index||5|
|Dynamics of the share of enterprises in the total amount of revenue countrywide||-10|
|Average value of factors||0,9|
favorable trend (factor), unfavorable trend (factor).
The provisions of the Federal law of May 4, 2011 No. 99-FL “On Licensing of Certain Types of Activities” regarding the need to obtain licenses for carrying out air transportation of passengers and goods ceased to be in force by the Federal law of February 18, 2020 No. 21-FL. The provisions obliging entities engaged in air transportation to obtain an operator’s license along wth the air operator's certificate are also excluded from the Aviation Code of the Russian Federation.
Since February 29, 2020, legal entities or individual entrepreneurs have to obtain air operator's certificate from the Federal Air Transport Agency (Rosaviatsiya) to carry out commercial air transportation. The form and procedure for the certificate’s issuance are established by the Order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation of August 13, 2015 No. 246 “On approval of the Federal Aviation Rules “Requirements for legal entities, individual entrepreneurs engaged in commercial air transportation. The form and procedure for issuing a document confirming the conformity of legal entities, individual entrepreneurs engaged in commercial air transportation with the requirements of the federal aviation regulations.”
According to the Federal Air Transport Agency, as of April 04,2020, 108 Russian companies have the air operator's certificate for commercial air transportation, information on which is fully contained in the Information and Analytical system Globas