The Federal Law of 19.02.2018 N35-FL “On amendments to Article 76.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation” has entered into force.
The article of the Criminal Code (hereinafter “the Code”) contains provisions about liberation from criminal responsibility for crimes in business.
The introduced amendments provide for liberation from criminal responsibility for specific economic crimes carried out prior to January 1, 2018. It is intended crimes provided by Article 193, Parts 1 and 2 of Article 194, Articles 198, 199, 199.1, 199.2 of the Code. For example, tax evasion and customs fraud, default on foreign currency law and control.
The right for liberation from responsibility is available for declarants or persons whose data is found in special declarations filed in accordance with the Federal Law of 08.06.2015 N140-FL (as amended on 19.02.2018) “On voluntary declaration by individuals of property and bank accounts (deposits) and amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation”. Data specified in declarations are of tax secrecy.
Since March 1, 2018 the so-called “capital amnesty” or voluntary declaration of property abroad, securities, bank accounts, foreign companies, including controlled by nominees is continued.
The same extent of guarantees for the “capital amnesty” participants is kept as it was provided during the previous stage of declaring. Moreover, there is a right on additional declaration of accounts and deposits opened on January 1, 2018, and closed as of special declaration was filed, if they were opened before January 1, 2018.
Special declarations can be filed on paper in person or by authorized representative in tax office, or in central office of the Federal Tax Service of RF.
Over 7 thousand declarations were filed during the first stage of voluntary assets declaration from June 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016.
Information agency Credinform represents an overview of trends in the activity of companies, producing computers, electronic and optical products.
Enterprises with the largest volume of annual revenue, producing computers, electronic and optical products (TOP-10 and TOP-1000), were selected for the analysis, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (for 2015 and 2016). The analysis was made on the basis of the data of the Information and Analytical system Globas.
The indicator, reflecting the real value of company’s property, is calculated annually as the difference between assets on the enterprise balance and its debt obligations. The indicator of net assets is considered negative (insufficiency of property), if company’s debt exceeds the value of its property.
|№ in TOP-1000||Name, INN, region||Net assets value, mln RUB.*||Solvency index Globas|
|1.|| SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS RUS KALUGA LLC
|28 764||31 504||37 868||197 High|
|2.|| MIKRON PJSC
|10 823||6 058||10 440||284 Medium|
|3.|| OMSKOE PROIZVODSTVENNOE OBYEDINENIE "RADIOZAVOD IMENI A.S. POPOVA" (RELERO) PJSC
|5 200||5 693||5 877||193 High|
|4.|| TECHNOLOGY COMPANY SCHLUMBERGER LLC
|7 023||8 870||5 253||246 Strong|
|5.|| THE CONCERN ENERGOMERA JSC
|5 271||5 296||5 183||212 Strong|
|996.|| AMBER LLC
|997.|| ZAVOD YUPITER NJSC
|998.|| TOMSK RADIO ENGINEERING FACTORY PJSC
|999.|| SARANSK TELEVISION PLANT PJSC
Republic of Mordovia
|1 156||1 376||-972||287 Medium|
|1000.|| ANGSTREM-T PJSC
|-2 773||-35 604||-25 517||308 Adequate|
*) – the indicators of growth or decline to the previous period are marked in columns 4 and 5 with green and red fillings, respectively.
The revenue of 10 industry leaders made 25% of the total revenue of TOP-1000 companies in 2016. It points to a relatively high level of competition in the industry (Picture 2).
In general, there is a trend towards an increase in volume revenue (Picture 3).
Profit and losses
The profit volume of 10 industry leaders in 2016 made 42% of the total profit of TOP-1000 companies (Picture 4).
Industry average profit’s indicators of companies of the industry for the ten-year period trend to increase (Picture 5).
Over a three-year period, the average values of profit indicators of TOP-1000 companies tends to increase, and the average value of net loss decreases (Picture 6).
Key financial ratios
Over the ten-year period the industry average indicators of the total liquidity ratio were in the range of recommended values — from 1,0 up to 2,0 (Picture 7). In general, the ratio indicator tends to increase.
The total liquidity ratio (the relation of the amount of current assets to short-term liabilities) shows the sufficiency of company’s funds for repayment of its short-term liabilities.
The experts of the Information agency Credinform, taking into account the actual situation both in the economy as a whole and in the sectors, has developed and implemented in the Information and Analytical system Globas the calculation of practical values of financial ratios that can be recognized as normal for a particular industry. For companies, producing computers, electronic and optical products, the practical value of the total liquidity ratio made from 1,00 up to 4,06 in 2016.
There has been an instability observed in indicators of the return on investment ratio, for ten years, with a tendency to decrease (Picture 7). The ratio is calculated as the relation of net profit to the sum of own capital and long-term liabilities and demonstrates the return on the equity involved in the commercial activity of own capital and the long-term borrowed funds of an organization.
Asset turnover ratio is calculated as the relation of sales proceeds to the average value of total assets for a period and characterizes the efficiency of use of all available resources, regardless of the sources of their attraction. The ratio shows how many times a year a complete cycle of production and circulation is made, yielding profit.
As a whole, this business activity ratio showed a tendency to decrease over the ten-year period (Picture 9).
The largest share in the total revenue of TOP-1000 is owned by companies, specializing in the manufacture of navigation, measuring and control appliances and devices and the manufacture of watches (Picture 10).
Main regions of activity
TOP-1000 companies are unequally distributed across the Russian territory and registered in 64 regions (Picture 11).
Financial position score
An assessment of the financial position of companies in the industry shows that the largest number is in a stable financial position and above the average (Picture 12).
Solvency index Globas
Most of TOP-1000 companies got High or Strong/Medium Solvency index Globas, that points to their ability to repay their debts in time and fully (Picture 13).
Thus, a comprehensive assessment of enterprises, producing computers, electronic and optical products, taking into account the main indices, financial indicators and ratios, points to the prevalence of favorable trends in the industry.