The Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev has signed a decree amending the air transportation subsidization that applies not only to direct flights, but also to flights with intermediate stops. In addition, the limit on the amount of passenger seats in the aircraft, which fulfills the subsidized transportation to the Crimea is lifted.
During the performance of the program of the direct flights subsidization and the organization of a regional route network emerged that airline companies need refueling landings in transportation though the subsidized routes. According to the adopted regulation the limit on the subsidizing of non-stop flights is lifted. This will provide the maximum enplaned traffic of subsidized flight.
The budget statement for 2015-2017 provides subsidies for regional transportation and development of the regional route network in 2015 to the extent of 3.58 bln rubles.
The Government’s assistance to the Russian air carriers came at a most seasonable time: the industry leaders are experiencing predicaments nowadays, as they have serious financial liabilities.
At year - end 2013 the leading airline companies of Russia had on their books 229 bln rubles of short-term obligations and 66 bln rubles of long-term obligations that is several times greater than their accumulated profit for the year-end. The amount of obligations of the companies “Transaero", "UTair" and "Yamal" exceeded its annual revenue.
The situation of the current year encourages no special optimism: mass bankruptcy of the tour operators, the stagnation of international flights that are more profitable than connecting flights, the worsening of geopolitical situation around Ukraine. All these things will increase additional problems to the air carriers. The amending of the situation can be achieved by increasing of the ticket prices; however, this measure can scare away potential customers and even worsen the rates of companies.
The Central Bank of the RF (CB of the RF) offers to extend the mechanism of long-life disqualification to senior executives of failed insurance companies and non-governmental pension funds (NPFs).
As a reminder, at the beginning of September of the current year the representatives of the committee on budget and financial markets of the Federation Council (FC) put forward an initiative to forbid the executives of failed banks to hold key positions in active banks for life term. In such a way the civil servants hope to root out a common enough practice, when the so called «criminal management» passes from one bank to another.
There are no official rules of disqualification as of today. However, according to the instruction of the CB № 109-I Russian banks are obliged to coordinate with the main regulator the candidate of their executives, deputies and members of Executive Board, chief-accountant and their deputies. In agreeing on persons the CB uses «black list of bankers», who is threatened with long-life employment ban. The agreement procedure lasts for one month, by that the regulator as well can deny to approve the appointment of a person from the black list, as also can allow.
As a rule, those executives are shortlisted into the black list of the CB, who is suspected of involvement in bankruptcy, transfer of assets out of a bank, book-cooking and other serious violations. According to the data of the CB as of June 2014, 2828 persons are in the black list, for comparison there were 2745 surnames in 2013.
At the same time, the civil servants note that in spite of the control on the hand of the CB someone succeeds to circumvent this procedure. According to experts, if the suggested initiative will be enshrined in the law, then banks won’t commit such infringements for fear of risking the license.
The representatives of the CB endorsed initiative of the FC, but spoke in favor of introduction of long-life disqualification only for those executives, who made bankrupt not just a one bank.
At the same time the CB offers to draw on experience of prevention of participation of bad-faith bankers in management and control over banks for other financial organizations, first of all for NPFs and insurance companies. By this, as well as in cases with banks the regulator offers to introduce long-life disqualification only if an organization will be made bankrupt once more.
They also assured in the CB that there are no black lists of executives of insurance companies and NPFs, but information received by the CB within regulatory and supervisory measures is examined and factored into decision making.
By this they haven’t made the final call in the administration yet, concerning the appointment mechanism of chairpersons of insurance companies. Today the agreement procedure of candidates for executive positions in insurance companies, carried out by the CB, is for indication purposes, in opposition to banks and NPF.