The analysts’ forecasts about difficult beginning of the 2016 year with the transition to positive dynamics in the second half-year are working.
Cautious optimism is infused by the data of the Federal state statistics service (Rosstat), but industrial production, as well as the majority of sectors of the Russian economy, is still in difficult situation. Sales reduction, lack of demand, weakening the national currency have negative impact on domestic industry.
Data on the diagram confirms again that the Russian economy is driven by the basic materials sector - mining operations demonstrate positive growth rate in examined periods even in the acute phase of crisis at the end of 2015. Positive dynamics in manufacturing, as well as in production and distribution of electric power, gas and water has been observing since 2016.
Development and implementation of advanced technologies can be a growth driver and help to overcome crisis and get out of stagnancy. It would be hard to overestimate the importance of modern development work - automation of production processes, creation of modern equipment, computerization of manufacturing industry, energy-saving technology, utilization technology, etc. The diagram below indicates positive tendencies in this direction.
Following the diagram, the number of advanced technologies using by the domestic enterprises has been growing in recent years. According to Rosstat, the increase in 2015 is about 14% in comparison with the year of 2012.
Data of the next diagram shows a kind of slowdown in new technologies development. However the positive changes after the extremely dire straits for the whole industry in 2010 should not go unnoticed. The number of technologies developed in the past 6 years has increased by 62%.
Official data speaks also for other growth signs of innovative activity of the Russian industrial enterprises: from 2012 to 2014 the expenses on technological innovations increased by 31%.
In conclusion it may be said that domestic enterprises take the path of innovative development.
In term of using the advanced technologies, Russia does not take the leading positions in the world. However domestic manufacturers begin to understand that only constant implementations of new technologies can ensure the stable rate of growth in the volatility of economy and unpredictability of market conditions, thereby making to invest long-term innovative projects increasingly.
According to the order of the President of the RF № Pr-3081 from 13.10.2011, the Federal Law from July 21, 2014 of №209-FZ «On the state information system of housing and communal services» (HGS GIS) was prepared and entered into force.
The purpose of HGS GIS was to replace scattered sites with information of management companies, various departments of HGS and other organizations with the unified resource, covering practically all information in the sphere of housing and communal services.
According to the initiators and developers of the system, it should give the citizens the opportunity to obtain complete, actual and reliable data about management companies, the works carried out and services provided, their cost and other necessary information about the housing and communal services, and will let government authorities make educated and informed management decisions.
The Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the RF is the operator of HGS GIS, which has developed the system together with the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Utilities of the RF and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Russian Post».
The state information system of housing and communal services is integrated with information systems of the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography, as well as with antimonopoly and tax services.
The system is divided into open and closed parts. The following information is available in the open part:
- legal acts and other normative documents;
- registers of open data: housing facilities, providers of information, inspections, information about heating season preparedness, licenses of constituent entities of the RF, consolidated register of licenses, register of disqualified persons and the list of government authorities;
- tariffs for housing and communal services and indexes of the change of payment for them;
- information on subsidies and benefits for consumers;
- standards of municipal services.
The closed part includes personal profiles of citizens, management companies and government authorities.
Citizens can use the system on a voluntary basis and for organizations of housing and communal services and government authorities the connection and work in HGS GIS is of obligatory character. Thus, according to final provisions of the law, since July 1, 2016 all providers and operators of housing and communal services are required to place information in the system. Since January 1, 2017 in case the data on the amount of payment for a residential unit and municipal services is not placed in the system, or such information does not correspond to the payment document in hard copy, this billing document will not be deemed submitted in accordance with the requirements of the legislation of the RF.
As of August 25, 2016, 58 158 enterprises from 85 constituent entities of the RF are registered in the system. By this, 100% of organizations of housing and communal services are registered in Orel region, the Chechen Republic, the Republic of Altai, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District and the Nenets Autonomous District. More than 90% of organizations of housing and communal services are registered in the Republic of Khakassia, Moscow, the Chukotka Autonomous District and Krasnoyarsk territory. In 16 regions of the country less than half companies of housing and communal services are registered in the system, and Ivanovo region has the lowest rate of 27,73%.