Information agency Credinform prepared a ranking «Return on investment of oil and gas companies in Russia». The companies with highest volume of revenue were selected for this research according to data from the Statistical Register for the latest available period (for the year 2012). Selected enterprises were ranked firstly by turnover, then by return of investment.
Return on investment is the indicator of the benefit from own capital of an organization, involved in business activities, and borrowed funds at a long date. It is calculated as the ratio of net profit to the sum of own capital and long-term liabilities.
As is known, there are no specified values prescribed for profitability ratios, because they vary strongly depending on the branch, where an enterprise operates. Therefore, each concrete company should be investigated in comparison with industry indicators. The importance of the return on investment ratio is not only that it shows benefit from invested assets, but also that, based on this ratio, it is possible to estimate the advisability of borrowing funds at certain interest. The company should take credits, the interest on which is lower, than profitability of investment capital.
|№||Name, INN||Region||Turnover for 2012, in bln RUB||Return on investment,(%)||Solvency index GLOBAS-i®|
|Orenburg region||219||37,44||234 (high)|
|Khanty-Mansijsk Autonomous District||217||35,14||210 (high)|
|3||AKTSIONERNAYA NEFTYANAYA KOMPANIYA BASHNEFT OJSC
|Republic of Bashkortostan||489||29,89||194 (the highest)|
|Republic of Komi||280||27,74||211 (high)|
|5||LUKOIL-ZAPADNAYA SIBIR LLC
|Khanty-Mansijsk Autonomous District||646||27,28||202 (high)|
|Saint-Petersburg||906||25||187 (the highest)|
|7||Neftyanaya kompaniya Rosneft OJSC
|Moscow||2596||23,74||165 (the highest)|
|8||TATNEFT IMENI V.D.SHASHINA OJSC
|Republic of Tatarstan||345||17,62||163 (the highest)|
|Khanty-Mansijsk Autonomous District||816||9,52||164 (the highest)|
|Moscow||3659||7,06||177 (the highest)|
The role of oil and gas sector in the national economy is remaining high. So that, according to data of the Ministry of Energy of the RF, the share of oil and gas incomes in the nation's budget made 50% in 2013, by the contribution to the GDP about 1/3, and to export – about 2/3.
The first three companies in the ranking list are represented by following enterprises: ORENBURGNEFT OJSC with the return on investment 37,44%, SAMOTLORNEFTEGAZ OJSC (35,14%) and AKTSIONERNAYA NEFTYANAYA KOMPANIYA BASHNEFT OJSC (29,89%), by average indicator value for industry leaders - 24,04%. Similar results testify to favorable investment climate, i.e. the enterprises have more alternatives for borrowing funds and their further use to own benefit. This fact is supported by a high and the highest solvency indexes GLOBAS-i®.
Return on investment of the largest oil and gas companies in Russia, TOP-10
Three more companies also showed the return on investment value higher, than the average value for industry leaders: Lukoil-Komi LLC (27,74%), Lukoil-Zapadnaya Sibir LLC (27,28%) and Gazprom neft OJSC (25%).
The last place in the ranking list belongs to industry leader on turnover Gazprom OJSC with the return on investment value 7,06%, that is 3,4 times less, than the average value for market leaders. However, the company got the highest solvency index GLOBAS-i®, because the comprehensive approach is taken for an objective assessment of solvency and financial stability, which considers the combination of financial or non-financial indicators.
The beginning of the year didn’t emphasize any positive trends for the national economic recovery. The GDP of our country increased only 0.8 % in the first quarter of 2014 according to Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Alexey Ulyukaev. Its deceleration began 2 years ago. Following the results of the fourth quarter 2011 the GDP reached its maximum growth, 5.2 %,so far after the financial crisis 2008. Today we are behind the situation when over the last 6 quarters the Russian economy trends to reach the GDP growth rate at the very least of 2%.
The last events in Ukraine and Russia’s actions in connecting Crimea caused greater capital outflow and political sanctions of series of countries, the USA and EC above all, decreased the Russian investment climate. As a result, leading international financial institutions considered the idea of reducing its GDP trend figure in 2014.
Russian departments are also under no illusions. For instance, the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation expects the GDP growth of 0.5%, Ministry of Economic Development -0.5% - 1.1%, and there can be even its decreasing in summer season.
Russian GDP growth by quarter, %
If there will be no noneconomic shocks, this negative trend should be changed. There is a gradual economic recovery of the leading global economic drivers such as EC and the USA. Furthermore, the greatest infrastructural projects realizations in Crimea, as well as a number of agreements with China of foreign trade interaction expansion which includes energy resources export are high on the agenda.