The Ministry of Finance of the RF has prepared amendments to the Tax Code, according to which companies will get the right to apply to the Federal Tax Service for carrying out of compensating adjustments to accrued taxes. The innovation acquires especial actuality in the situation with the transfer pricing. Because transaction price affects both sides, one side receives proceeds from sales, another one - incurs expenses on transaction security. And if formerly it was possible to correct only one of these performances (proceeds or purchase costs) by the decision of taxation authorities, then now after the adjustment of one of them the allocation of another will follow. Both parties are placed into fair economic field, what on its own is a meaningful step forward. Today under the current scheme, by the additional tax assessment by the one side, another side has the right to reduce the tax amount by the same rates. Carrying out of such adjustment by the transaction party in case of self-increase of tax amount by its contractor is not provided. If amendments are accepted, then similar contradiction is settled.
Even so there are unsatisfactory features in the suggested innovations, first of all it is due to the fact that the bill will allow to carry out compensating adjustments only to related-party transactions, while the voluntary increase of taxation base is provided as well in related-party, as in uncontrolled transactions. One more essential fault is that only Russian organizations will be able to carry out compensating adjustments, IE and foreign companies are deprived of this right. It may be assumed that the Ministry of Finance was motivated by purposes of deoffshorization of the economy – to deprive similar foreign enterprises of this advantage, because most often, as is known, just foreign contractors are offshores, fly-by-night companies founded for « tax mitigation».
Information agency Credinform is developing own independent transfer pricing module, which will allow the parties to a transaction to put a fair contract price on the group of associated companies.
In April of the current year The Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation has reduced the estimates of the Russian Federation GDP growth in 2014 from 2.5% to 0.5-1.1%. The Ministry suggests conservatively active approach as basic estimate that expects the growth on 1.1%, but with the proviso that such result is possible only with easing of a budgetary rule and obtaining capital of the national banks.
These discussions about the budgetary rule that restricts the using of government incomes on oil and gas export are holding on for a long time. The Ministry of Economic Development affirmed for several times about the necessity of easing the budgetary rule, while The Ministry of Finance was against it and suggested to harden it. In such a case the President and the Prime-Minister are in lockstep with each other that there are no good reasons for the budgetary rule changing.
The Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Alexey Ulyukaev also pointed out that there are growth retardations because of the volatile economic environment. So, according to the results of the first quarter of the current year economic expansion rates in the Russian Federation didn’t reach 1% and amounted to 0.8%. At the same time taking into account its seasonality in comparison to the fourth quarter of the last year the formula reducing to 0.5% is being observed.
Alexey Ulyukaev notes that foreign factors related to the aggravation in Ukraine and imposing sanctions against Russia on the part of the Occident exacerbated the tight economic situation in our country as it was. In such a case many experts point out that even not just imposing sanctions, but the concern of its possible tightening has become more sensitive for the national economy. In total, such uncertainty has a negative impact on the investment climate. So, according to the Minister of Economic Development following the results of the first quarter 2014 the investment volume in the capital stock decreased on 4.8%.
Amid the investments runoff the increasing of the capital outflow is being observed. So, the Ministry of Economic Development stepped up the official estimate of the capital outflow for the current year to 100 bn dollars at the beginning of April. At the same time the Ministry of Economic Development tends to be more optimistic estimating that the capital outflow won’t overdraw 70-80 bn dollars.
However, despite the unimpressive results of the first quarter of the current year many experts are still optimistic in their long-term estimates. As key factors that are able to influence the economic advance on a long-term horizon they note the priority development of the financial infrastructure and closer cooperation of the economic relations with the Eastern countries, especially with China.