In accordance with the amendments made to the Federal Law №209-FZ «On the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Russian Federation» from 24.07.2007 joint-stock companies, as well as other small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can independently record additional information about themselves into the Unified Register of small and medium-sized enterprises (Register of SMEs). This largely facilitates finding contractors for customers. Following information can be added to the Register of SMEs: about output and provided services, experience in the execution of contract operations, participation in partner programs, as well as contact information (e-mail and website, telephone).
The Federal Tax Service of Russia (FTS of the RF), which is authorized to maintain the Register of SMEs, recorded the information into it on joint stock companies that meet the requirements for the share in capital, the average number of employees and the income from entrepreneurial activity for the previous calendar year. As a reminder, the main criteria of the referring to subjects of SMEs, established by the Government of the RF and being in force in 2017:
|Category of the subject of SMEs||Volume of revenue over a year net of VAT, mln RUB||Average number of employees|
|Micro-sized enterprise||120||up to 15|
|Small-sized enterprise||800||up to 100|
|Medium-sized enterprise||2000||up to 250|
At the moment the Register of SMEs is formed from data available in the FTS of Russia as of July 1, 2017. Information in the register is also received from the Ministry of Economic Development of the RF, the Ministry of Education and Science of the RF, from authorized organizations such as Skolkovo Foundation, the Moscow Stock Exchange and 35 holders of shareholders' registers of joint-stock companies.
As of September 10, 2017, in total 5 695 609 subjects were registered in the Register of SMEs, including micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises (Picture 1)
The largest number of the subjects of SMEs is located in Moscow and St. Petersburg (Picture 2).
Subscribers of the Information and analytical system Globas have the opportunity to check their counterparts for their belonging to subjects of SMEs.
Information agency Credinform represents the ranking of the largest Russian manufacturers of electrical equipment. The enterprises with the largest volume of annual revenue (TOP-10) were selected for the ranking, according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available periods (for 2014 and 2015). Then they were ranked by the return on investments (Table 1). The analysis was made based on data of the Information and analytical system Globas.
Return on investment (ROI ratio, %) is calculated as a ratio of net profit (loss) to the value of net assets. The indicator characterizes the level of profitability from investments, i.e. the amount of monetary units required by an enterprise for receiving one monetary unit of net profit. With the help of this indicator it is possible to assess the advisability of raising of borrowed funds at a certain percent.
Normative values for profitability indicators are not provided, because they vary, depending on the industry, in which an enterprise operates. The indicators of each particular company should be considered in comparison with industry indicators.
For getting of the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention to all combination of company’s indicators and financial ratios.
|Name, INN, region||Net profit, mln RUB. *||Revenue, mln RUB *||ROI ratio, %||Solvency index Globas|
|BEKO LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
INN 7804157910 Vladimir region
|944||1 191||1 041||9 344||9 577||10 989||24,68||213 High|
|KAMSKII KABEL LLC
INN 5904184047 Perm territory
|10||465||115||19 325||21 422||23 517||20,14||263 High|
|NAO ELEKTROKABEL KOLCHUGINSKII ZAVOD
INN 3306007697 Vladimir region
|49||526||345||8 473||10 518||11 064||18,96||206 High|
|LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ELKAT
INN 7722018271 Moscow
|352||206||135||8 472||8 505||7 628||14,93||226 High|
|LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY LG ELECTRONICS RUS
INN 5075018950 Moscow region
|2 096||2 471||7 330||97 690||80 695||82 415||13,97||186 The highest|
|PAO PROIZVODSTVENNOE OByEDINENIE ZAVOD IMENI SERGO
INN 1648032420 Republic of Tatarstan
|-44||416||н/д||5 886||9 942||н/д||6,86||173 The highest|
|NAO INDESIT INTERNATIONAL
INN 4823005682 Lipetsk region
|-101||280||963||16 277||16 473||18 737||2,75||223 High|
|PAO THE INCORPARATED ELECTROTECHNICAL PLANTS
INN 7716523950 Moscow
|3||5||-261||9 002||8 917||10 594||0,17||242 High|
|NAO GRUPPA KOMPANII ELEKTROSHCHIT -TM SAMARA
INN 6313009980 Samara region
|-110||-673||-3 037||18 718||15 541||13 807||-6,79||293 High|
|BSH BYTOWIJE PRIBORY LLC
INN 7819301797 St. Petersburg
|-926||-531||426||8 005||10 118||30 964||-42,22||293 High|
|Total by TOP-10 companies||2 272||4 355||201 193||191 709|
|Average value by TOP-10 companies||227||436||20 119||19 171||5,35|
|Industry average value||2||16||192||179||6,82|
*)Data for 2016 are provided for reference.
The average indicator of the return on investment of TOP-10 companies is below the industry average. Two firms have a negative value of the indicator. Eight from the TOP-10 companies reduced revenue or net profit in 2015 - 2016 in comparison with the previous period or have losses (are marked with red filling in columns 3, 4, 6 and 7 in Table 1).
The industry average values of the ROI ratio in the period 2006 - 2015 reflect macroeconomic trends, decreasing during crisis developments (Picture 2).
All TOP-10 companies got the highest or high solvency index Globas, that testifies to their ability to repay their debt obligations timely and fully.