Information Agency Credinform has prepared the ranking of electric grid companies in Russia according to the turnover rate of payables.
Top-10 enterprises in terms of annual revenue were selected according to the data from the Statistical Register for the latest available period (for the year 2014). The enterprises were ranked by decrease in the accounts payable turnover ratio.
Accounts payable turnover ratio (times) is proportion of the average accounts payable for the period to revenue. Ratio shows how many times (as a rule, for a year) company discharged average amount of accounts.
Index of accounts payable turnover ratio reflects the process of debt repayment to contractors (partners, suppliers, agents etc.). Ratio defines the quantity of debt repayment, and is calculated for cash flow valuation, that helps analyze efficiency of the company work and financial strategy.
The higher is the index, the faster company pays to its suppliers. Decrease in turnover may be implied to either problems on payment of accounts or more effective organization of relations with the suppliers, providing more profitable postponed payment schedule and using accounts payable as a source of getting cheaper financial resources.
For getting of the most comprehensive and fair picture of the financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention not only to average values in the industry, but also to all available combination of financial data of the company.
|№||Name||Region||Turnover of 2014, th RUB||Proportion of turnover in 2014 to turnover in 2013, %%||Accounts payable turnover ratio in 2014, once a year||Solvency index Globas-i®|
|1||JSС "E.ON Russia"
|Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra||79 955 933||99,3||15,2||161 The highest|
|2||Joint-Stock Company for Power and Electrification Mosenergo
|Moscow||158 819 795||103,0||11,1||204 High|
|3||JSC «Second Wholesale Power Market Generating Company»
|Stavropol territory||116 004 240||104,0||11,1||178 The highest|
|4||JSC Inter RAO — Electric Power Plants
|Moscow||147 846 693||107,5||10,1||236 High|
|5||JSC IDGC of Centre
|Moscow||86 705 172||93,3||9,1||193 The highest|
|6||JSC ELECTRIC POWER DIVISION OFROSATOM
|Moscow||253 215 398||108,7||4,4||211 High|
|7||JSC T PLUS
|Moscow region||77 851 475||131,8||4,0||276 High|
|8||JSC Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System
|Moscow||168 940 833||108,7||2,5||199 The highest|
|Moscow||125 260 155||100,4||2,5||232 High|
|10||JSC «Hydro-power generating company RusHydro»
|Krasnoyarsk territory||108 478 000||99,7||2,5||197 The highest|
Accounts payable turnover ratio of the largest electric grid companies (TOP-10) varies from 15,2 times a year (JSС "E.ON Russia") to 2,5 times (JSC «Hydro-power generating company RusHydro»).
The average value of TOP-10 companies is 7,7 times. Half of TOP-10 companies are below that rate.
Picture 1. Accounts payable turnover ratio and revenue of the largest electric grid companies in Russia (TOP-10)
As it is seen on the diagram, accounts payable turnover ratio is not in direct dependence from the revenue for the year. For example, the largest by revenue company JSC ELECTRIC POWER DIVISION OF ROSATOM is on the sixth place of the ranking. However, this enterprise demonstrates one of the best dynamic revenue rates to the previous period. As a whole it may show effective work of the enterprise and manipulation of accounts payable as additional financial source. Besides, the company is monopolist in electric power production on nuclear plants.
On the first place according to accounts payable turnover ratio is JSС E.ON Russia with almost worst revenue rates among TOP-10 companies both for 2014 and dynamics to the previous year.
According to the latest financial account for 2014, total annual revenue of TOP-10 leaders in the industry was 1 323 bln RUB, that is 5,2% higher than values of the previous period. However, 3 of 10 companies made revenue rates worse compared to the previous period.
All the participants of TOP-10 list got the highest and high solvency index Globas-i®. It shows that all companies are able to pay off the debts in time and to the full extent, risk of non-fulfillment for those is minimal.
You can read comments of the Credinform experts on development of electric power complex in the articles of «Kommersant Business Guide» newspaper: «Dense covering of networks», «Fresh blood in the wires».
Information agency Credinform prepared a ranking of the largest Russian manufacturers of mineral water.
The TOP-10 list of enterprises was drawn up for the ranking on the annual volume of revenue for the latest available accounting period available in the Statistical Register (for the year 2014); following data were calculated: the dynamics of revenue related to the previous period and credit protection ratio (s. Table 1).
Credit protection ratio (x) is the relation of pre-tax earnings and interest on loans to the amount of interest due. It characterizes the degree of protection of creditors against non-payment of interests for a granted credit and shows how many times during the reporting period a company earned money to pay the interests on loans. The recommended value is: > 1.
Thus, if the ratio is less than 1, it testifies that a company has no possibility to repay all credit obligations simultaneously. This, in its turn, may lead to financial instability of business in today's difficult economic conditions, especially during the fall in effective demand of the population.
If there is no value of the considered indicator – there are no borrowings in the report of an enterprise, and, consequently, no interests payable to creditors. This in itself can be a positive factor, but it requires access to the capital market for a successful business, market retention, introduction of innovation solutions. Therefore, the task of financial management is the observance of a reasonable balance between development and its financial well-being.
For getting of more comprehensive and fair picture of financial standing of an enterprise it is necessary to pay attention not only to average indicator values in industry, but also to all presented combination of financial indicators and ratios of a company.
|№||Name||Region||Revenue for 2014, in ths RUB||Revenue, dynamics 2014 - 2013, %%||Credit protection ratio||Solvency index GLOBAS -i®|
|1||PK LIDER LLC
|Moscow region||1 662 090||136||10,73||170 the highest|
|2||EDELVEIS L LLC
|Lipetsk region||965 784||145||3,03||224 high|
|3||AKVALAIN CJSC NJSC
|Karachay-Cherkess Republic||590 798||134||2,74||239 high|
|4||FONTE AKVA LLC
|Moscow region||1 098 284||86||1,84||287 high|
|5||KOMPANIYA CHISTAYA VODA LLC
|Sverdlovsk region||634 167||81||1,70||213 high|
|6||NARZAN OJSC PJSC
|Stavropol Territory||1 877 356||104||1,41||238 high|
|7||FIRMA MERKURY LLC
|Karachay-Cherkess Republic||2 073 999||109||1,39||211 high|
|8||KAVMINVODY JSC NJSC
|Stavropol Territory||841 976||110||168 the highest|
|9||ZAVOD MINERALNYKH VOD OKTYABR-A LLC
|Stavropol Territory||586 137||547||223 high|
|10||VISMA CJSC NJSC
|Karachay-Cherkess Republic||996 857||83||0,48||288 high|
The value of the credit protection ratio of the largest Russian manufacturers of mineral water (TOP-10) ranges from 10,3 (PK LIDER LLC) to 0,48 (VISMA CJSC NJSC). There are no indicator values by AVMINVODY JSC NJSC and ZAVOD MINERALNYKH VOD OKTYABR-A LLC.
Picture 1. Revenue and credit protection ratio of the largest Russian manufacturers of mineral water (TOP-10)
The annual revenue of the companies from the Top-10 list amounted to 11,3 bln RUB at year-end 2014, that is by 11% higher than the total figure of the same producers for 2013. Three enterprises from Top-10 reduced the amount of revenue in 2014 in regard to 2013. At the same time, ZAVOD MINERALNYKH VOD OKTYABR-A LLC demonstrated a quite impressive dynamics of the revenue with its increasing by more than 5 times in 2014 in regard to 2013.
The industry average value of the credit protection ratio in 2013 was 2,08, and in 2014 had already a negative value – 0,73. Thus, in 2014 all TOP-10 enterprises had the value of this indicator above the industry average. Only VISMA NJSC CJSC had the ratio value less than 1 in 2014.
All participants of the TOP-10 list got high and the highest solvency index GLOBAS-i®. It testifies that all enterprises can pay off their debts in time and fully, while risk of default is minimal.